Preferential retention of chromosome regions in derived synthetic wheat lines: a source of novel alleles for wheat improvement

McIntyre, C. L., Rattey, A., Kilian, A., Dreccer, M. F. and Shorter, R. (2014) Preferential retention of chromosome regions in derived synthetic wheat lines: a source of novel alleles for wheat improvement. Crop and Pasture Science, 65 2: 125-138. doi:10.1071/CP13153


Author McIntyre, C. L.
Rattey, A.
Kilian, A.
Dreccer, M. F.
Shorter, R.
Title Preferential retention of chromosome regions in derived synthetic wheat lines: a source of novel alleles for wheat improvement
Journal name Crop and Pasture Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1836-0947
1836-5795
Publication date 2014-02-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/CP13153
Volume 65
Issue 2
Start page 125
End page 138
Total pages 14
Place of publication Collingwood, VIC, Australia
Publisher C S I R O Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Synthetic hexaploid wheats (SHWs) and their synthetic derivative lines (SDLs) are being used as a means of introducing novel genetic variation into bread wheat (BW). Phenotypic information for days to flowering, height, grain weight and grain yield was collected from multiple environments for three SDL families, each with ∼50 lines, and their elite BW parents. In general, the SDLs were earlier flowering and taller with larger grain size, but similar grain yield to the BWs. The three SDL families and their SHW and BW parents were genotyped using mapped DArT (diversity arrays technology) markers. Within each SDL family, SHW-specific DArT markers were used to identify SHW-derived chromosomal regions that appeared to be preferentially retained in the SDL families, as determined by retention at frequencies >0.25, the expected frequency for Mendelian segregation. Regions on chromosomes 2BS and 7BL appeared to be preferentially retained in all three SDL families, while regions on chromosomes 1AL, 1BS, 3BS, 5AS, 5BL, and 7AS were preferentially retained in two of the three SDL families. Other regions were preferentially retained in single families only, including some regions located on the D genome. Single-marker regression analysis was performed using the preferentially retained markers and identified markers and regions that were significantly associated with one or more of the four traits measured. Comparative mapping also indicates that these preferentially retained markers and chromosome regions may co-locate with previously identified QTLs for anthesis, height, grain weight and/or grain yield. Therefore, SHWs may contain novel alleles at these loci in these regions for these traits, which may provide a selective advantage to the SDLs. This approach could provide a useful method for identifying chromosomal regions of interest with potentially novel alleles for introgression for further BW improvement.
Keyword Wheat
Synthetic
DArT
Trait
QTL
Allele
Retention
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Official 2015 Collection
 
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