Conceptualizing loneliness in adolescents: Development and validation of a self-report instrument

Houghton, Stephen, Hattie, John, Wood, Lisa, Carroll, Annemaree, Martin, Karen and Tan, Carol (2013) Conceptualizing loneliness in adolescents: Development and validation of a self-report instrument. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 45 5: 604-616. doi:10.1007/s10578-013-0429-z

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Author Houghton, Stephen
Hattie, John
Wood, Lisa
Carroll, Annemaree
Martin, Karen
Tan, Carol
Title Conceptualizing loneliness in adolescents: Development and validation of a self-report instrument
Journal name Child Psychiatry and Human Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0009-398X
Publication date 2013-12-15
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10578-013-0429-z
Open Access Status
Volume 45
Issue 5
Start page 604
End page 616
Total pages 13
Place of publication New York, United States
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Abstract This paper reports the development and psychometric evaluations of a multidimensional model of loneliness in Australian adolescents. In the first study a new instrument was designed and administered to 1,074 adolescents (ages 10–18 years, M = 13.01). An exploratory factor analysis from data supplied by 694 of these participants yielded a 4-factor structure (friendship, isolation, negative attitude to solitude, and positive attitude to solitude). Competing measurement models were then evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis with data from the remaining 380 participants; strong support was demonstrated for the conceptual model. Significant main effects were evident for geographical location (rural remote/urban), age and sex. In a second study, involving 235 Australian adolescents (ages 10.0–16 years, M = 13.8) the superiority of the first-order model represented by four correlated factors was confirmed. The findings have clinical and practical implications for professional groups represented by child and adolescent psychiatry, pediatric and clinical psychology services, researchers, and educators. Specifically, the new self-report instrument identifies adolescents who are at risk of loneliness and its associated adverse outcomes and in doing has the potential to offer new insights into prevention and intervention.
Keyword Loneliness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 19 December 2013.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Education Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 30 Mar 2014, 01:28:45 EST by Annemaree Carroll on behalf of School of Education