An objective measure to evaluate actual body shape among children and adolescents in China

Fu, Lian Guo, Wang, Hai Jun, Li, Xiao Hui, Wang, Zhi Qiang, Lau, Patrick W. C., Yang, Yi De, Meng, Yi De and Ma, Jun (2014) An objective measure to evaluate actual body shape among children and adolescents in China. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 27 8: 582-593. doi:10.3967/bes2014.033

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Author Fu, Lian Guo
Wang, Hai Jun
Li, Xiao Hui
Wang, Zhi Qiang
Lau, Patrick W. C.
Yang, Yi De
Meng, Yi De
Ma, Jun
Title An objective measure to evaluate actual body shape among children and adolescents in China
Journal name Biomedical and Environmental Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0895-3988
Publication date 2014-03-20
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3967/bes2014.033
Volume 27
Issue 8
Start page 582
End page 593
Total pages 12
Place of publication Camden, London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective The purpose of this study was to explore an objective measure to assess actual body shape of children and adolescents in China.

Methods Based on the Chinese National Survey on Student’s Constitution and Health (CNSSCH) in 2005, 210 927 children and adolescents' (7-18 years) body height, body weight, chest circumference, sitting height, chest circumference-height ratio, chest circumference-sitting height ratio, chest circumference-low limb ratio, and sitting height-low limb ratio measurements were used to develop an objective measure by using transformation variables and explored factor analysis (EFA). Discrimination power of the objective measure was evaluated based on BMI reference and Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC).

Results The objective measure included four dimensions scores: transverse dimension (TD) indicating weight and chest circumference; length dimension (LD) indicating height and sitting height; transverse-length ratio dimension (TLD) indicating chest circumference-height ratio, chest circumference-sitting height and chest circumference-low limb ratio; proportion dimension (PD) indicating sitting height-low limb ratio. The whole dimension (WD) indicating the whole body shape was showed by the average of four dimensions scores. Four dimensions and WD scores were approximately 80 in children and adolescents with normal weight, and higher than those of overweight, obesity, and underweight (all P-values <0.001). Areas under ROC of overweight and obesity compared with normal weight ranged from 0.88 to 1.00 for scores of TD, TLD, and WD.

Conclusion The objective measure which included four dimensions was explored, and TD, TLD and WD had significant discrimination power.
Keyword Objective measure
Body shape
Children and adolescents
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 201202010
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 27 Mar 2014, 21:06:03 EST by Zhiqiang Wang on behalf of Medicine - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital