The future is here: a review of foresight systems in anxiety and depression

Miloyan, Beyon, Pachana, Nancy A. and Suddendorf, Thomas (2014) The future is here: a review of foresight systems in anxiety and depression. Cognition and Emotion, 28 5: 795-810. doi:10.1080/02699931.2013.863179


Author Miloyan, Beyon
Pachana, Nancy A.
Suddendorf, Thomas
Title The future is here: a review of foresight systems in anxiety and depression
Journal name Cognition and Emotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0269-9931
1464-0600
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1080/02699931.2013.863179
Volume 28
Issue 5
Start page 795
End page 810
Total pages 16
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Abstract Cognitive models of anxiety and depression have long suggested a central role for future-oriented thinking in these disorders. Experimental studies suggest that anxiety and depression are characterised by distinct future-oriented thinking profiles, and that these profiles are markedly different from those of asymptomatic adults. In this paper, we review these profiles and propose two explanatory models marked by two different neurocognitive systems. The Reconstructive Memory Model emphasises a role for emotionally driven learning and retrieval in episodic foresight (i.e., the construction of future-oriented scenarios), and the Valuation Model proposes that an overweighing of risk and uncertainty estimates can be invoked to explain the future-oriented thought patterns. We consider the effectiveness of interventions aimed at altering such thought patterns. We suggest that future research aimed at elucidating the neurobiological underpinnings of future-oriented thinking in anxiety and depression can play an important role in advancing development of effective biological and psychosocial interventions for these disorders.
Keyword Decision-making
Mental time travel
Neuropsychiatry
Neuropsychology
Psychopathology
Treatment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print: 9 December 2013.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 26 Mar 2014, 04:43:43 EST by Mrs Alison Pike on behalf of School of Psychology