Basic personal values underlie and give coherence to political values: A cross national study in 15 countries

Schwartz, Shalom H., Caprara, Gian Vittorio, Vecchione, Michele, Bain, Paul, Bianchi, Gabriel, Caprara, Maria Giovanna, Cieciuch, Jan, Kirmanoglu, Hasan, Baslevent, Cem, Lonnqvist, Jan-Erik, Mamali, Catalin, Manzi, Jorge, Pavlodopolous, Vassilis, Posnova, Tetyana, Schoen, Harald, Silvester, Jo, Tabernero, Carmen, Torres, Claudio, Verkasalo, Markku, Vondrakova, Eva, Welzel, Christian and Zaleski, Zbigniew (2013) Basic personal values underlie and give coherence to political values: A cross national study in 15 countries. Political Behavior, 36 4: 899-930. doi:10.1007/s11109-013-9255-z

Author Schwartz, Shalom H.
Caprara, Gian Vittorio
Vecchione, Michele
Bain, Paul
Bianchi, Gabriel
Caprara, Maria Giovanna
Cieciuch, Jan
Kirmanoglu, Hasan
Baslevent, Cem
Lonnqvist, Jan-Erik
Mamali, Catalin
Manzi, Jorge
Pavlodopolous, Vassilis
Posnova, Tetyana
Schoen, Harald
Silvester, Jo
Tabernero, Carmen
Torres, Claudio
Verkasalo, Markku
Vondrakova, Eva
Welzel, Christian
Zaleski, Zbigniew
Title Basic personal values underlie and give coherence to political values: A cross national study in 15 countries
Journal name Political Behavior   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0190-9320
Publication date 2013-09-19
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s11109-013-9255-z
Open Access Status
Volume 36
Issue 4
Start page 899
End page 930
Total pages 32
Place of publication New York, United States
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Subject 3312 Sociology and Political Science
Abstract Do the political values of the general public form a coherent system? What might be the source of coherence? We view political values as expressions, in the political domain, of more basic personal values. Basic personal values (e.g., security, achievement, benevolence, hedonism) are organized on a circular continuum that reflects their conflicting and compatible motivations. We theorize that this circular motivational structure also gives coherence to political values. We assess this theorizing with data from 15 countries, using eight core political values (e.g., free enterprise, law and order) and ten basic personal values. We specify the underlying basic values expected to promote or oppose each political value. We offer different hypotheses for the 12 non-communist and three post-communist countries studied, where the political context suggests different meanings of a basic or political value. Correlation and regression analyses support almost all hypotheses. Moreover, basic values account for substantially more variance in political values than age, gender, education, and income. Multidimensional scaling analyses demonstrate graphically how the circular motivational continuum of basic personal values structures relations among core political values. This study strengthens the assumption that individual differences in basic personal values play a critical role in political thought.
Keyword Political values
Basic personal values
Value coherence
Structure of political thought
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print September 19 2013.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Created: Wed, 26 Mar 2014, 00:31:40 EST by Mrs Alison Pike on behalf of School of Psychology