Gratitude, Hope, Mindfulness and Personal-Growth Initiative: Buffers or Risk Factors for Problem Gambling?

Loo, Jasmine M. Y., Tsai, Jung-Shun, Raylu, Namrata and Oei, Tian P. S. (2014) Gratitude, Hope, Mindfulness and Personal-Growth Initiative: Buffers or Risk Factors for Problem Gambling?. PLoS One, 9 2: e83889.1-e83889.11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083889


Author Loo, Jasmine M. Y.
Tsai, Jung-Shun
Raylu, Namrata
Oei, Tian P. S.
Title Gratitude, Hope, Mindfulness and Personal-Growth Initiative: Buffers or Risk Factors for Problem Gambling?
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2014-02-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0083889
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Issue 2
Start page e83889.1
End page e83889.11
Total pages 11
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The majority of prevention and intervention research in problem gambling (PG) has focused on identifying negative risk factors. However, not all at-risk individuals go on to develop anticipated disorders and many thrive in spite of them. In healthcare settings, PG and other disorders are typically conceptualized from the biomedical perspective that frame disorders as something negative residing within the individual and reduction in negativity is seen as success. Indeed, this problem-focused conceptualization may be adequate in many cases as reducing PG behaviour is undoubtedly an important outcome, but the focus on negativity alone is too narrow to capture the complexity of human behaviour. Hence, this study attempts to bridge the gap in literature by providing an evaluation of the predictive ability of the positive dispositions on problem gambling severity, gambling-related cognitions, and gambling urges. The positive psychological dispositions examined were curiosity, gratitude, hope, personal growth initiative, and mindfulness. Participants consisted of 801 Taiwanese Chinese students and community individuals (Mean age = 25.36 years). Higher levels of gratitude and hope have been found to predict lower PG, gambling-related cognitions, or gambling urges. Meanwhile, higher mindfulness predicted lower PG, but only among Chinese males. However, lower personal growth initiative predicted lower PG, gambling-related cognitions, and gambling urges. These analyses have small to medium effect sizes with significant predictions. Findings of this study have essential implications in understanding and treating Chinese problem gamblers. These positive dispositions should be addressed by mental health professionals in preventative and treatment programs among Chinese individuals. Further implications and suggestions for future research are discussed. 
Keyword Confirmatory Factor Validation
Cognitions Scale Grcs
Positive Psychology
Psychometric Properties
Chinese Version
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 12 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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