The application of genetics to marine management and conservation: examples from the Indo-Pacific

von der Heyden, Sophie, Beger, Maria, Toonen, Robert J., van Herwerden, Lynne, Juinio-Menez, Marie Antonette, Ravago-Gotanco, Rachel, Fauvelot, Cecile and Bernardi, Giacomo (2014) The application of genetics to marine management and conservation: examples from the Indo-Pacific. Bulletin of Marine Science, 90 1: 123-158. doi:10.5343/bms.2012.1079

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Author von der Heyden, Sophie
Beger, Maria
Toonen, Robert J.
van Herwerden, Lynne
Juinio-Menez, Marie Antonette
Ravago-Gotanco, Rachel
Fauvelot, Cecile
Bernardi, Giacomo
Title The application of genetics to marine management and conservation: examples from the Indo-Pacific
Journal name Bulletin of Marine Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0007-4977
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.5343/bms.2012.1079
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 90
Issue 1
Start page 123
End page 158
Total pages 36
Place of publication Miami, FL, United States
Publisher Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science
Language eng
Abstract Molecular tools and analyses have played pivotal roles in uncovering the processes and patterns of biodiversity in the Indian and Pacific oceans. However, integrating genetic results into management and conservation objectives has been challenging, with few examples that show practical applicability. This review aims to address some of the perceived barriers to an enhanced approach that integrates molecular data into management and conservation goals, by reviewing papers relevant to both conservation and fisheries management in the Indo-Pacific region, particularly with respect to phylogeography, connectivity, and species identification, as well as stock delineation, restoration of depleted wild stocks, mislabeled marine resources and "molecular forensics." We also highlight case studies from each of these areas that illustrate how molecular analyses are relevant to conservation and management in the Indo- Pacific, spanning a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species. We discuss the application of genetic data to the design and evaluation of the effectiveness of marine protected area networks, stock delineation, and restoration and the usage of exclusion tests and parentage analyses for fisheries management. We conclude that there is a distinct need for increasing public awareness and ownership of genetically unique lineages and, ultimately, the increased inclusion of genetic research into management policy and conservation. Finally, we make a case for the importance of clear and effective communication for promoting public awareness, public ownership, and for achieving conservation goals within the region.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
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