A comparison of the distribution of satellite galaxies around andromeda and the results of λCDM simulations

Bahl, H. and Baumgardt, H. (2014) A comparison of the distribution of satellite galaxies around andromeda and the results of λCDM simulations. Monthly Notices of The Royal Astronomical Society, 438 4: 2916-2923. doi:10.1093/mnras/stt2399

Author Bahl, H.
Baumgardt, H.
Title A comparison of the distribution of satellite galaxies around andromeda and the results of λCDM simulations
Journal name Monthly Notices of The Royal Astronomical Society   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0035-8711
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/mnras/stt2399
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 438
Issue 4
Start page 2916
End page 2923
Total pages 8
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Abstract Ibata et al. recently reported the existence of a vast thin plane of dwarf galaxies (VTPD) orbiting around Andromeda. We investigate whether such a configuration can be reproduced within the standard cosmological framework and search for similar planes of corotating satellite galaxies around Andromeda-like host haloes in the data from the Millennium II simulation combined with a semi-analytic galaxy formation model. We apply a baryonic mass cut of 2.8 × 104 M⊙ for the satellite haloes and restrict the data to a Pan-Andromeda Archaeological Survey-like field. If we include the so-called orphan galaxies in our analysis, we find that planes with an rms lower than the VTPD are common in Millennium II. This is partially due to the strong radially concentrated distribution of orphan galaxies. Excluding part of the orphan galaxies brings the radial distributions of Millennium II satellites into better agreement with the satellite distribution of Andromeda while still producing a significant fraction of planes with a lower rms than the VTPD. We also find haloes in Millennium II with an equal or higher number of corotating satellites than the VTPD. This demonstrates that the VTPD is not in conflict with the standard cosmological framework, although a definite answer of this question might require higher resolution cosmological simulations that do not have to consider orphan galaxies. Our results finally show that satellite planes in Millennium II are not stable structures; hence, the VTPD might only be a statistical fluctuation of an underlying more spherical galaxy distribution.
Keyword Galaxies: dwarf
Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
Local group
Methods: data analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mathematics and Physics
Official 2015 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 23 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 22 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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