(U-Th)/He geochronology of goethite and the origin and evolution of cangas

Monteiro,Hevelyn S., Vasconcelos, Paulo M., Farley, Kenneth A., Spier, Carlos A. and Mello, Claudio L. (2014) (U-Th)/He geochronology of goethite and the origin and evolution of cangas. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 131 267-289. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2014.01.036

Author Monteiro,Hevelyn S.
Vasconcelos, Paulo M.
Farley, Kenneth A.
Spier, Carlos A.
Mello, Claudio L.
Title (U-Th)/He geochronology of goethite and the origin and evolution of cangas
Journal name Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0016-7037
Publication date 2014-04-15
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2014.01.036
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 131
Start page 267
End page 289
Total pages 23
Place of publication Kidlington, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Subject 1906 Geochemistry and Petrology
Abstract (U-Th)/He geochronology of 147 grains of goethite cements extracted from ferruginous duricrusts (cangas) developed on banded iron-formations from the Quadrilátero Ferrífero region, Minas Gerais, Brazil, records a history of protracted mineral dissolution-reprecipitation that started at ca. 48.1. ±. 4.8. Ma and continues intermittently until the Present. A large majority of the samples (more than 30%) are younger than 2. Ma, revealing active mineral dissolution-reprecipitation in the recent past. Within cangas, goethite cements are younger near the surface and become progressively older towards the bottom of the weathering profile, indicating that iron is more effectively cycled in the parts of the weathering profile more strongly affected by biogenic activity. (U-Th)/He geochronology of 14 goethite grains from saprolites in the same profiles yield results ranging from 55.3. ±. 5.5 to 25.7. ±. 2.6. Ma. For a single weathering profile, goethite cements from cangas are invariably younger than goethite grains from the underlying saprolite, indicating that the duricrust and the saprolite behave as independent and separate systems responding to different environmental controls. Thorium shows conservative behaviour during goethite dissolution-reprecipitation, and it is enriched towards the surface of the weathering profile. Uranium, on the other hand, is preferentially leached from the surface into the saprolite or out of the weathering profile. Recurrent goethite dissolution-reprecipitation lends great textural complexities to cangas, but it is also responsible for its capacity to reheal when physically disrupted. This self-healing property accounts for canga's role in armoring banded iron-formation landscapes.
Keyword Geochemistry & Geophysics
Geochemistry & Geophysics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Earth Sciences Publications
Official 2015 Collection
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