Frailty, financial resources and subjective well-being in later life

Hubbard, Ruth E., Goodwin, Victoria A., Llewellyn, David J., Warmoth, Krystal and Lang, Iain A. (2014) Frailty, financial resources and subjective well-being in later life. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 58 3: 364-369. doi:10.1016/j.archger.2013.12.008

Author Hubbard, Ruth E.
Goodwin, Victoria A.
Llewellyn, David J.
Warmoth, Krystal
Lang, Iain A.
Title Frailty, financial resources and subjective well-being in later life
Journal name Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0167-4943
Publication date 2014-05-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.archger.2013.12.008
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 58
Issue 3
Start page 364
End page 369
Total pages 6
Place of publication Shannon, Ireland
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Language eng
Abstract Though frailty status has recently been linked to poorer quality of life, the impact of income on this relationship has not previously been investigated. Data from a population-based panel study, the English Longitudinal Study of Aging, on 3225 participants aged 65-79 years were analyzed cross-sectionally. A Frailty Index (FI) was determined for each participant as a proportion of accumulated deficits and participants were categorized into four groups on the basis of their FI score: very fit (0.00-0.10), well (0.11-0.14), vulnerable (0.15-0.24), and frail (≥0.25). Subjective well-being was assessed using the CASP-19 instrument, and levels of financial resources quantified using a range of questions about assets and income from a range of sources. Linear regression models were used to assess the relationship between frailty and well-being. There was a significant negative correlation between frailty and well-being; the correlation coefficient between FI and CASP-19 scores was -0.58. The relationship was robust to adjustment for sex, age, and relevant health behaviors (smoking and physical activity) and persisted when participants with depressive symptoms were excluded from analysis. Those with greater financial resources reported better subjective well-being with evidence of a "dose-response" effect. The poorest participants in each frailty category had similar well-being to the most well-off with worse frailty status. Hence, while the association between frailty and poorer subjective well-being is not significantly impacted by higher levels of wealth and income, financial resources may provide a partial buffer against the detrimental psychological effects of frailty.
Keyword FI
Financial resources
Frail elderly
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID KMRF-2013-02-02
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
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