Theory of mind in early psychosis

Langdon, Robyn, Still, Megan, Connors, Michael H., Ward, Philip B. and Catts, Stanley V. (2013) Theory of mind in early psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 8 3: 286-290. doi:10.1111/eip.12072

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Author Langdon, Robyn
Still, Megan
Connors, Michael H.
Ward, Philip B.
Catts, Stanley V.
Title Theory of mind in early psychosis
Journal name Early Intervention in Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1751-7885
1751-7893
Publication date 2013-07-10
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/eip.12072
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 8
Issue 3
Start page 286
End page 290
Total pages 5
Place of publication Richmond, VIC, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Language eng
Abstract Aim: A deficit in theory of mind - the ability to infer and reason about the mental states of others - might underpin the poor social functioning of patients with psychosis. Unfortunately, however, there is considerable variation in how such a deficit is assessed. The current study compared three classic tests of theory of mind in terms of their ability to detect impairment in patients in the early stages of psychosis.
Formatted abstract
Aim A deficit in theory of mind – the ability to infer and reason about the mental states of others – might underpin the poor social functioning of patients with psychosis. Unfortunately, however, there is considerable variation in how such a deficit is assessed. The current study compared three classic tests of theory of mind in terms of their ability to detect impairment in patients in the early stages of psychosis.

Methods Twenty-three patients within 2 years of their first psychotic episode and 19 healthy controls received picture-sequencing, joke-appreciation and story-comprehension tests of theory of mind.

Results Whereas the picture-sequencing and joke-appreciation tests successfully detected a selective theory-of-mind deficit in patients, the story-comprehension test did not.

Conclusions The findings suggest that tests that place minimal demands on language processing and involve indirect, rather than explicit, instructions to assess theory of mind might be best suited to detecting theory-of-mind impairment in early stages of psychosis.
Keyword Early psychosis
First-episode psychosis
Schizophrenia
Theory of mind
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 10 JUL 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 5 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 7 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 07 Mar 2014, 21:35:31 EST by Sheila Cleary on behalf of Psychiatry - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital