Perceived parenting change and child posttraumatic stress following a natural disaster

Cobham, Vanessa E. and Mcdermott, Brett (2014) Perceived parenting change and child posttraumatic stress following a natural disaster. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 24 1: 18-23. doi:10.1089/cap.2013.0051


Author Cobham, Vanessa E.
Mcdermott, Brett
Title Perceived parenting change and child posttraumatic stress following a natural disaster
Journal name Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1044-5463
1557-8992
Publication date 2014-02-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1089/cap.2013.0051
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 24
Issue 1
Start page 18
End page 23
Total pages 6
Place of publication New Rochelle, NY United States
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publishers
Language eng
Subject 2736 Pharmacology (medical)
2735 Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Abstract Objective: Recent research suggests that not only parental psychopathology, but also parenting practices, have a role to play in the development of child posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) following a natural disaster. The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between parents' perceptions of their parenting in the aftermath of a natural disaster, and child PTSS. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to explore the associations among child PTSS, parents' perceptions of altered (more anxious) parenting, and parental disaster-related distress (altered cognitions and behaviors) in 874 elementary school children (ages 8-12 years) and their parents following a severe storm of cyclonic proportions. With parental consent, school-based screening was conducted in impacted communities 3 months after the storm. Children completed a screening questionnaire consisting of the Child Trauma Screening Questionnaire (CTSQ; used for identifying children at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), as well as a range of questions assessing disaster exposure and threat perception. Parents completed questions relating to their perceptions of changes in their parenting since the storm, as well as two items relating to their own disaster-related distress. Results: Independent of other significant associations with child PTSS (such as age, gender, and disaster exposure), a high level of parent-perceived altered parenting appeared to put children at increased risk for PTSS 3 months after the disaster. However, when the sample was stratified for the presence or absence of altered parent cognitions and behaviors following the storm, altered parenting was found to have a unique relationship with child PTSS only when parents reported altered disaster-related cognitions and behaviors. Conclusions: When parents report disaster-related cognitions and behaviors, their perception of altered parenting practices (becoming more protective, less granting of autonomy, and communicating a sense of current danger) is associated with child PTSS. Although it is not possible to draw conclusions about the direction of these relationships, this study identifies parenting practices that may constitute important targets for intervention.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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