The role of exercise and physical activity in weight loss and maintenance

Swift, Damon L., Johannsen, Neil M., Lavie, Carl J., Earnest, Conrad P. and Church, Timothy S. (2014) The role of exercise and physical activity in weight loss and maintenance. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 56 4: 441-447. doi:10.1016/j.pcad.2013.09.012

Author Swift, Damon L.
Johannsen, Neil M.
Lavie, Carl J.
Earnest, Conrad P.
Church, Timothy S.
Title The role of exercise and physical activity in weight loss and maintenance
Journal name Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0033-0620
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.pcad.2013.09.012
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 56
Issue 4
Start page 441
End page 447
Total pages 7
Place of publication Maryland Heights, United States
Publisher W.B. Saunders Co.
Language eng
Abstract This review explores the role of physical activity (PA) and exercise training (ET) in the prevention of weight gain, initial weight loss, weight maintenance, and the obesity paradox. In particular, we will focus the discussion on the expected initial weight loss from different ET programs, and explore intensity/volume relationships. Based on the present literature, unless the overall volume of aerobic ET is very high, clinically significant weight loss is unlikely to occur. Also, ET also has an important role in weight regain after initial weight loss. Overall, aerobic ET programs consistent with public health recommendations may promote up to modest weight loss (~. 2. kg), however the weight loss on an individual level is highly heterogeneous. Clinicians should educate their patients on reasonable expectations of weight loss based on their physical activity program and emphasize that numerous health benefits occur from PA programs in the absence of weight loss.
Keyword Exercise training
Physical activity
Weight loss
Weight regain
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID T32 DK064584-06
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 125 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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