Comparative analysis of coal fatalities in Australia, South Africa, India, China and USA, 2006-2010

Harris, Jill, Kirsch, Philipp, Shi, Meng, Li, Jirui, Gagrani, Ankita, Krishna ES, Anand, Tabish, Ahmad, Arora, Deepanshu, Kothandaraman, Kishore and Cliff, David (2014). Comparative analysis of coal fatalities in Australia, South Africa, India, China and USA, 2006-2010. In: Naj Aziz, Bob Kininmonth, Jan Nemcik, Dennis Black, John Hoelle and Ismet Cunbulat, Proceedings of the 2014 Coal Operators' Conference. Coal 2014: Australian Coal Operators' Conference 2014, Wollongong, NSW, Australia, (399-407). 12-14 February, 2014.

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Harris, Jill
Kirsch, Philipp
Shi, Meng
Li, Jirui
Gagrani, Ankita
Krishna ES, Anand
Tabish, Ahmad
Arora, Deepanshu
Kothandaraman, Kishore
Cliff, David
Title of paper Comparative analysis of coal fatalities in Australia, South Africa, India, China and USA, 2006-2010
Conference name Coal 2014: Australian Coal Operators' Conference 2014
Conference location Wollongong, NSW, Australia
Conference dates 12-14 February, 2014
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 2014 Coal Operators' Conference
Place of Publication Wollongong, NSW, Australia
Publisher University of Woollongong
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 9781925100020
Editor Naj Aziz
Bob Kininmonth
Jan Nemcik
Dennis Black
John Hoelle
Ismet Cunbulat
Start page 399
End page 407
Total pages 9
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Coal mining (especially underground) is considered one of the most hazardous industries, and as a result considerable focus is applied to eliminating or mitigating hazards through careful mine planning, equipment selection and certification, and development of management systems and procedures. Regulatory agencies have developed in-house methods for reporting, classification and tracking of fatalities and other incidents according to the type of event, often including consideration of different hazard types. Unfortunately, direct comparison of mining safety statistics between countries is confounded by considerable differences in the way that individual countries classify specific fatalities or incidents.

This paper presents a comparative analysis of coal mining fatality data in Australia, South Africa, India, China and the United States from 2006 to 2010. Individual classification definitions are compared between the five countries, and methods presented to normalise each country’s hazard definitions and reporting regimes around the RISKGATE framework of seventeen different priority unwanted events (or topics). Fatality data from individual countries is then re-classified according to the different RISKGATE topics, thereby enabling a comparative analysis between all five countries.

This paper demonstrates the utility and value of a standard classification approach, and submits the RISKGATE framework as a model for classification that could be applied globally in coal mining. RISKGATE is the largest health and safety project ever funded by the Australian coal industry ( to build an industry body of knowledge to assist in managing common industry hazards. A comprehensive knowledge base has been captured for risk management of tyres, collisions, fires, isolation, strata underground, ground control open cut, explosions, explosives, manual tasks and slips/trips/falls. This has been extended to outburst, coal burst and bumps, interface displays and controls, tailings dams and inrush.
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 17 Feb 2014, 10:22:36 EST by Philipp Kirsch on behalf of Minerals Industry Safety and Health Centre