Body water distribution and risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in a healthy population: a prospective cohort study

Knudsen, Nikoline Nygård, Kjærulff, Thora Majlund, Ward, Leigh Cordwin, Sæbye, Ditte, Holst, Claus and Heitmann, Berit Lilienthal (2014) Body water distribution and risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in a healthy population: a prospective cohort study. PloS One, 9 2: e87466.1-e87466.7. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0087466


Author Knudsen, Nikoline Nygård
Kjærulff, Thora Majlund
Ward, Leigh Cordwin
Sæbye, Ditte
Holst, Claus
Heitmann, Berit Lilienthal
Title Body water distribution and risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in a healthy population: a prospective cohort study
Journal name PloS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2014-02-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0087466
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Issue 2
Start page e87466.1
End page e87466.7
Total pages 7
Editor Stefan Kiechl
Place of publication San Francisco, CA, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background Early alterations in the cardiovascular structure and function may change normal body water distribution. The resulting fluid shifts may thus serve as an early marker for cardiovascular disease. However, studies examining this in healthy populations are absent.

Objective This study examined the association between the proportion of total body water that is extracellular water and subsequent development of non-fatal or fatal cardiovascular disease in a healthy population.

Method Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy is an easy-to-use, non-invasive and relatively inexpensive technique to evaluate changes in body water distribution. A random subset (n = 2120) of Danes aged 41-71 years, examined in 1993–1994 for body water distribution by bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy was included. Cox-proportional hazard models and linear splines were performed. The ratio between resistance estimates from an infinite-frequency and from no-frequency (R/R0) was used as a surrogate measure of ratio between extracellular water and total body water. The outcome was 13.5 years of follow-up for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Results A high proportion of total body water that is extracellular water was associated with increased risk of incident cardiovascular disease. A threshold effect was evident, with greatly increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality above R/R0 = 0.68. Below the threshold there seemed to be no additional benefit of having a low ratio.

Conclusion Our findings suggest that non-clinically evident oedema, measured as an increased proportion of total body water that is extracellular, above a threshold of 0.68, may be an early marker of pre-clinical cardiovascular disease. This simple, safe, cheap and easily obtainable measure of R/R0 from bioelectrical impedance may help the early identification of these otherwise clinically healthy individuals who are at an increased risk of future cardiovascular disease. However, more studies are needed before it can be concluded that bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy improves clinical risk prediction.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 
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Created: Fri, 14 Feb 2014, 19:54:54 EST by Mrs Louise Nimwegen on behalf of School of Chemistry & Molecular Biosciences