X-ray diffraction results from Mars Science Laboratory: mineralogy of Rocknest at Gale Crater

Bish, D. L., Blake, D. F., Vaniman, D. T., Chipera, S. J., Morris, R. V., Ming, D. W., Treiman, A. H., Sarrazin, P., Morrison, S. M., Downs, R. T., Achilles, C. N., Yen, A. S., Bristow, T. F., Crisp, J. A., Morookian, J. M., Farmer, J. D., Rampe, E. B., Stolper, E. M., Spanovich, N., MSL Science Team and Vasconcelos, Paulo (2013) X-ray diffraction results from Mars Science Laboratory: mineralogy of Rocknest at Gale Crater. Science, 341 6153: 1238932.1-1238932.5. doi:10.1126/science.1238932


Author Bish, D. L.
Blake, D. F.
Vaniman, D. T.
Chipera, S. J.
Morris, R. V.
Ming, D. W.
Treiman, A. H.
Sarrazin, P.
Morrison, S. M.
Downs, R. T.
Achilles, C. N.
Yen, A. S.
Bristow, T. F.
Crisp, J. A.
Morookian, J. M.
Farmer, J. D.
Rampe, E. B.
Stolper, E. M.
Spanovich, N.
MSL Science Team
Vasconcelos, Paulo
Title X-ray diffraction results from Mars Science Laboratory: mineralogy of Rocknest at Gale Crater
Journal name Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0036-8075
1095-9203
Publication date 2013-09-27
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1126/science.1238932
Volume 341
Issue 6153
Start page 1238932.1
End page 1238932.5
Total pages 5
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity scooped samples of soil from the Rocknest aeolian bedform in Gale crater. Analysis of the soil with the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) x-ray diffraction (XRD) instrument revealed plagioclase (~An57), forsteritic olivine (~Fo62), augite, and pigeonite, with minor K-feldspar, magnetite, quartz, anhydrite, hematite, and ilmenite. The minor phases are present at, or near, detection limits. The soil also contains 27 ± 14 weight percent x-ray amorphous material, likely containing multiple Fe3+- and volatile-bearing phases, including possibly a substance resembling hisingerite. The crystalline component is similar to the normative mineralogy of certain basaltic rocks from Gusev crater on Mars and of martian basaltic meteorites. The amorphous component is similar to that found on Earth in places such as soils on the Mauna Kea volcano, Hawaii.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Earth Sciences Publications
Official 2014 Collection
 
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Created: Thu, 13 Feb 2014, 02:24:36 EST by Jon Swabey on behalf of School of Earth Sciences