Combined stratigraphic and isotopic studies of Triassic strata, Cuyo Basin, Argentine Precordillera

Avila J.N., Chemale F., Mallmann G., Kawashita K. and Armstrong R.A. (2006) Combined stratigraphic and isotopic studies of Triassic strata, Cuyo Basin, Argentine Precordillera. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 118 9-10: 1088-1098. doi:10.1130/B25893.1

Author Avila J.N.
Chemale F.
Mallmann G.
Kawashita K.
Armstrong R.A.
Title Combined stratigraphic and isotopic studies of Triassic strata, Cuyo Basin, Argentine Precordillera
Journal name Bulletin of the Geological Society of America   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0016-7606
Publication date 2006-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1130/B25893.1
Open Access Status
Volume 118
Issue 9-10
Start page 1088
End page 1098
Total pages 11
Language eng
Subject 1901 Art Theory and Criticism
Abstract The evolution of the Triassic-Cretaceous Cuyo Basin, located in the Andean Precordillera (NW Argentina), was mainly controlled by extensional-transtensional tectonics along NW-trending structures inherited from Paleozoic sutures. Stratigraphic and isotopic studies are herein presented in order to constrain the sedimentary infilling and source areas, as well as the age of Triassic strata related to the active faulted margin of the Cacheuta sub-basin. The whole stratigraphic package of the Cuyo Basin is interpreted as a second-order depositional sequence, comprising lowstand (alluvial fan deposits), transgressive (fluvial-deltaic and facustrine deposits), and highstand (oxidized lacustrine and high-sinuosity luvial deposits) systems tracts. This stacking pattern was mainly controlled by the interplay between sedimentary influx and accommodation space, with important volcaniclastic contribution, especially during the early stages of basin development Sm-Nd depleted-mantle model ages (TDM) for both basement and volcano-sedimentary samples range from 867 to 1345 Ma. All samples have negative εNd(t) values (-0.33 to-5.02). Basal deposits present older TDM model ages compared to intermediate-positioned deposits, and upper deposits present a wider range of model ages. This time-integrated factor correlates with paleocurrent data, which indicate changes in the source areas through time. The Nd isotopic signature also suggests that sources of sediments for the Cacheuta sub-basin during the Triassic were restricted to units of Mesoproterozoic (Grenvillian) age, probably related to the Cuyania terrane. The U-Pb sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe (SHRIMP) zircon age of 243 ± 5 Ma, obtained in juvenile magmatic zircons from a lithoclast-free ignimbrite interlayered within the basal alluvial fan facies of the Cacheuta sub-basin, places the lowstand deposits in the Olenekian and establishes a potential chronostratigraphic horizon for future correlations.
Keyword Chronostratigraphic horizon
Nd isotopes
South America
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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