Phospholipase B enzyme expression is not associated with other virulence attributes in Candida albicans isolates from patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection

Samaranayake, Y. H., Dassanayake, R. S., Jayatilake, J. A. M. S., Cheung, B. P. K., Yau, J. Y. Y., Yeung, K. W. S. and Samaranayake, L. P. (2005) Phospholipase B enzyme expression is not associated with other virulence attributes in Candida albicans isolates from patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 54 6: 583-593. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.45762-0


Author Samaranayake, Y. H.
Dassanayake, R. S.
Jayatilake, J. A. M. S.
Cheung, B. P. K.
Yau, J. Y. Y.
Yeung, K. W. S.
Samaranayake, L. P.
Title Phospholipase B enzyme expression is not associated with other virulence attributes in Candida albicans isolates from patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection
Formatted title
Phospholipase B enzyme expression is not associated with other virulence attributes in Candida albicans isolates from patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection
Journal name Journal of Medical Microbiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-2615
1473-5644
Publication date 2005-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1099/jmm.0.45762-0
Open Access Status
Volume 54
Issue 6
Start page 583
End page 593
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher The Microbiology Society
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The extracellular phospholipases of Candida albicans are considered to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of human infections. Therefore 30 clinical isolates of C. albicans from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals were screened for phospholipase production in vitro (using an egg-yolk-agar medium). Two groups of six isolates with positive (group A) or deficient (group B) phospholipase activity were then analysed for phospholipase B1 (PLB1) gene expression both in egg-yolk-agar and yeast extract/peptone/dextrose (YPD) broth media. A total of four virulence attributes of these two groups were in turn characterized, namely their germ-tube formation, cell-surface-hydrophobicity (CSH), adhesion to buccal epithelial cells (ABEC) and haemolysin production, and these factors were subsequently correlated with PLB1 expression. In the phospholipase-producing isolates (group A) a positive correlation was demonstrated between phospholipase production and the degree of PLB1 expression in YPD medium (r = 0.96, P < 0.01). No such association was observed in group A isolates for PLB1 expression in egg-yolk-agar medium. Further, PLB1 expression in egg-yolk agar was less than that in YPD medium, although a positive correlation was seen between the expression levels on regression analysis (r = 0.86, P = 0.026). Surprisingly, however, no significant associations were observed in either growth media between PLB1 expression and any of the four pathogenic attributes examined (P < 0.001). A significant correlation was seen between CSH and ABEC (r = 0.74) in group A isolates. The phospholipase-deficient group B, however, demonstrated a significant correlation between the latter parameters (r = +0.50) and also between germ-tube formation and ABEC (r = -0.59), and germ-tube formation and haemolysin production (r = +0.31). It appears that in oral C. albicans isolates in HIV infection there may be no significant association between the degree of PLB1 expression and other widely recognized major virulence attributes.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Dentistry Publications
 
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