Oral candidosis and associated Candida species in HIV-infected Cambodians exposed to antimycotics

Schmidt-Westhausen, A. M., Bendick, C., Reichart, P. A. and Samaranayake, L. P. (2004) Oral candidosis and associated Candida species in HIV-infected Cambodians exposed to antimycotics. Mycoses, 47 9-10: 435-441. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0507.2004.01019.x


Author Schmidt-Westhausen, A. M.
Bendick, C.
Reichart, P. A.
Samaranayake, L. P.
Title Oral candidosis and associated Candida species in HIV-infected Cambodians exposed to antimycotics
Formatted title
Oral candidosis and associated Candida species in HIV-infected Cambodians exposed to antimycotics
Journal name Mycoses   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0933-7407
1439-0507
Publication date 2004-10-01
Year available 2004
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1439-0507.2004.01019.x
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 47
Issue 9-10
Start page 435
End page 441
Total pages 7
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Although human immundeficiency virus (HIV) infection is endemic in Southeast Asia, data on oral mycotic flora in this disease in Asians are sparse. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Candida species in HIV-infected Cambodians with oral candidosis, unexposed (group 1) and exposed to antimycotics (group 2) and a healthy population (group 3). In 161 HIV patients with oral candidosis (group 1: 121 pts; group 2: 40 pts) and in 81 controls (group 3) swab samples of tongue and palate were obtained. Oral candidosis was detected in 100 and 70% of groups 1 and 2 respectively. Candida spp. were isolated from 91 and 100% of groups 1 and 2, respectively, and from 79% of controls. Candida albicans was the most common, with non-albicans species such as C. tropicalis and C. krusei being notable. Our data indicate that variants of oral candidal infections in HIV disease are similar to those seen in the pre-HAART era. The particularly high rate of C. krusei isolation in all groups is noteworthy.
Keyword Cambodia
Candida
Candidosis
HIV infection
Oral infection
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Dentistry Publications
 
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