Oral health promotion interventions on oral reservoirs of staphylococcus aureus: A systematic review

Lam, O. L. T., Mcgrath, C., Bandara, H., Li, L. S. W. and Samaranayake, L. P. (2012) Oral health promotion interventions on oral reservoirs of staphylococcus aureus: A systematic review. Oral Diseases, 18 3: 244-254. doi:10.1111/j.1601-0825.2011.01874.x


Author Lam, O. L. T.
Mcgrath, C.
Bandara, H.
Li, L. S. W.
Samaranayake, L. P.
Title Oral health promotion interventions on oral reservoirs of staphylococcus aureus: A systematic review
Journal name Oral Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1354-523X
1601-0825
Publication date 2012-01-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2011.01874.x
Volume 18
Issue 3
Start page 244
End page 254
Total pages 11
Place of publication Malden, MA United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Language eng
Subject 3500 Dentistry
2733 Otorhinolaryngology
Abstract The oral cavity serves as a reservoir of Staphylococcus aureus for infection of the lower respiratory tract and cross-infection to other patients. This systematic review was designed to examine the effectiveness of oral health promotion interventions on this pathogen. The PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for clinical trials assessing the effect of oral health promotion interventions on oral and oropharyngeal carriage of S. aureus. Oral health promotion interventions on oral reservoirs of S. aureus in both systemically healthy and medically compromised groups consisted of oral hygiene interventions only. There was a lack of evidence pertaining to the effectiveness of mechanical oral hygiene interventions against this pathogen. Chlorhexidine delivered in oral hygiene products such as mouthrinses, gels, and sprays appeared to have some utility against S. aureus, although some studies found equivocal effects. There was a dearth of studies investigating the efficacy of other chemical agents. Although many chemical agents contained in oral hygiene products have proven in vitro activity against S. aureus, their clinical effectiveness and potential role as adjuncts or alternative therapies to conventional treatment remain to be confirmed by further high-quality randomized controlled trials.
Keyword Health promotion
Oral
Staphylococcus aureus
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Dentistry Publications
 
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