Forensic and offending behaviours

Murphy, Glynis and Mason, Jon (2014). Forensic and offending behaviours. In Elias Tsakanikos and Jane McCarthy (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathology in intellectual disability : research, practice, and policy (pp. 281-303) New York, NY United States: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8250-5_18

Author Murphy, Glynis
Mason, Jon
Title of chapter Forensic and offending behaviours
Title of book Handbook of psychopathology in intellectual disability : research, practice, and policy
Place of Publication New York, NY United States
Publisher Springer
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-8250-5_18
Open Access Status
Year available 2014
Series Autism and child psychopathology series
ISBN 9781461482499
ISSN 2192-922X
Editor Elias Tsakanikos
Jane McCarthy
Chapter number 18
Start page 281
End page 303
Total pages 23
Total chapters 23
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
People with intellectual disabilities (ID) may be somewhat overrepresented in parts of the Criminal Justice System (CJS), but they are mostly not overrepresented in prisons in most Western countries. People with ID in the CJS are mostly male, from deprived social backgrounds, have mild or moderate (not severe) disabilities and often have mental health needs. They commit a range of offences (not disproportionate numbers of arson and sexual offences, as used to be thought) and typically have a number of well-recognised vulnerabilities in the CJS, including not understanding the process or their rights, being suggestible and acquiescent on interview and making unwise decisions at crucial points in the CJS. They are vulnerable to making false confessions, sometimes with fatal consequences.
Protections for people with ID in the CJS do exist but often are insufficiently employed. Screening for ID is beginning to be used in some countries in some parts of the CJS and needs to be far more widespread, so that services can be provided where appropriate, including support to ensure their rights are upheld, services to help prevent reoffending and direct treatment. There are increasing numbers of reports of successful treatments available and the development of some specialist risk assessment tools for this population.
Keyword Criminal Justice System
Disabilities Mental Handicap
Police Caution England
Intellectual Disability
Learning disabilities
Risk Assessment
Sex Offenders
Stand Trial
Actuarial Prediction
Antisocial behaviors
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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