Description of the pig production systems, biosecurity practices and herd health providers in two provinces with high swine density in the Philippines

Alawneh, J. I., Barnes, T. S., Parke, C., Lapuz, E., David, E., Basinang, V., Baluyut, A., Villar, E., Lopez, E. L. and Blackall, P. J. (2014) Description of the pig production systems, biosecurity practices and herd health providers in two provinces with high swine density in the Philippines. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 114 2: 1-47. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.01.020

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Author Alawneh, J. I.
Barnes, T. S.
Parke, C.
Lapuz, E.
David, E.
Basinang, V.
Baluyut, A.
Villar, E.
Lopez, E. L.
Blackall, P. J.
Title Description of the pig production systems, biosecurity practices and herd health providers in two provinces with high swine density in the Philippines
Journal name Preventive Veterinary Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0167-5877
1873-1716
Publication date 2014-01-29
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.01.020
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 114
Issue 2
Start page 1
End page 47
Total pages 47
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract A cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2011 and March 2012 in two major pig producing provinces in the Philippines. Four hundred and seventy one pig farms slaughtering finisher pigs at government operated abattoirs participated in this study. The objectives of this study were to group: (a) smallholder (S) and commercial (C) production systems into patterns according to their herd health providers (HHPs), and obtain descriptive information about the grouped Sand C production systems; and (b) identify key HHPs within each production system using social network analysis. On-farm veterinarians, private consultants, pharmaceutical company representatives, government veterinarians, livestock and agricultural technicians, and agricultural supply stores were found to be actively interacting with pig farmers. Four clusters were identified based on production system and their choice of HHPs. Differences in management and biosecurity practices were found between Sand C clusters. Private HHPs provided a service to larger C and some larger S farms, and have little or no interaction with the other HHPs. Government HHPs provided herd health service mainly to S farms and small C farms. Agricultural supply stores were identified as a dominant solitary HHP and provided herd health services to the majority of farmers. Increased knowledge of the routine management and biosecurity practices of S and C farmers and the key HHPs that are likely to be associated with those practices would be of value as this information could be used to inform a risk-based approach to disease surveillance and control. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Formatted abstract
A cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2011 and March 2012 in two major pig producing provinces in the Philippines. Four hundred and seventy one pig farms slaughtering finisher pigs at government operated abattoirs participated in this study. The objectives of this study were to group: a) smallholder (S) and commercial (C) production systems into patterns according to their herd health providers (HHPs), and obtain descriptive information about the grouped S and C production systems; and b) identify key HHPs within each production system using social network analysis. On-farm veterinarians, private consultants, pharmaceutical company representatives, government veterinarians, livestock and agricultural technicians, and agricultural supply stores were found to be actively interacting with pig farmers. Four clusters were identified based on production system and their choice of HHPs. Differences in management and biosecurity practices were found between S and C clusters. Private HHPs provided a service to larger C and some larger S farms, and have little or no interaction with the other HHPs. Government HHPs provided herd health service mainly to S farms and small C farms. Agricultural supply stores were identified as a dominant solitary HHP and provided herd health services to the majority of farmers. Increased knowledge of the routine management and biosecurity practices of S and C farmers and the key HHPs that are likely to be associated with those practices would be of value as this information could be used to inform a risk-based approach to disease surveillance and control.
Keyword Pig
Swine
Biosecurity
Social network analysis
Herd health
Risk-based disease control.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 29 January 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Official 2015 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 05 Feb 2014, 22:05:20 EST by John Al-alawneh on behalf of School of Veterinary Science