Revisiting humanitarian safe areas for civilian protection

Orchard, Phil (2014) Revisiting humanitarian safe areas for civilian protection. Global Governance, 20 1: 55-75. doi:10.5555/1075-2846-20.1.55

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Author Orchard, Phil
Title Revisiting humanitarian safe areas for civilian protection
Journal name Global Governance   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1075-2846
Publication date 2014-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.5555/1075-2846-20.1.55
Volume 20
Issue 1
Start page 55
End page 75
Total pages 21
Place of publication Boulder, CO, United States
Publisher Lynne Rienner Publishers
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Are safe areas an effective option to protect civilian populations from mass atrocities when they are targeted by their own state? Safe areas disappeared from the international lexicon following the failures in Bosnia and Rwanda. But they are now receiving a second look as a way of responding to mass atrocities without full-scale military intervention. This article argues that the earlier generation of safe areas failed not due to their size or cost, but rather because of problems inherent with their underlying logic. Safe areas were based either on logics of consent or the presence of a credible military force. Hybrid safe areas (such as in Bosnia) were based on neither of these, but instead relied on the legitimacy inherent in the UN Security Council. Crucially, in cases where civilians were being directly targeted by belligerents, both hybrid and consent-based safe areas collapsed. This has direct ramifications for present discussions around the Protection of Civilians agenda and the Responsibility to Protect doctrine.
Keyword Safe areas
Humanitarian protection
Responsibility to protect
Internally displaced persons
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Political Science and International Studies Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 29 Jan 2014, 21:16:08 EST by Dr Phil Orchard on behalf of School of Political Science & Internat'l Studies