A novel method to measure the impact of sea transport motion on sheep welfare

Santurtun, Eduardo, Moreau, Valerie and Phillips, Clive J. C. (2014) A novel method to measure the impact of sea transport motion on sheep welfare. Biosystems Engineering, 118 1: 128-137. doi:10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2013.12.001

Author Santurtun, Eduardo
Moreau, Valerie
Phillips, Clive J. C.
Title A novel method to measure the impact of sea transport motion on sheep welfare
Journal name Biosystems Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1537-5110
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2013.12.001
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 118
Issue 1
Start page 128
End page 137
Total pages 10
Place of publication Camden, London, United Kingdom
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Subject 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology
1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
1103 Clinical Sciences
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
2207 Control and Systems Engineering
Abstract Sheep are subjected to multiple stressors during commercial sea transport, including ship motion, ammonia, novel social dynamics and feed, high stocking density and multiple handling, all of which make it difficult to measure sheep responses to ship motion in isolation during a voyage. A practical method for measuring the impact of ship motions on the welfare of sheep on land was therefore developed, which exposed them to the three most important motions, roll (sideways), heave (vertical) and pitch (fore-aft). Roll and pitch motions were created using a programmable flight simulator platform, and heave motion was simulated elevating the entire apparatus with an electric forklift. Two main methods were developed to investigate the effect of these motions on sheep behaviour, physiology, balance, body posture, heart rate variability, rumination and feed intake. The first method evaluated each of the motions independently, replicating the frequency and magnitude of typical ship movements, taking into consideration the dimensions of a commercial vessel. The second method compared regular and irregular (random) movement sequences to investigate the importance of movement predictability on stress responses from sheep. The behaviour of sheep on the platform was similar to that which has been observed on ship. It is concluded that a detailed understanding of the responses of sheep to ship motion can be obtained by subjecting them to the different components of simulated transport using land-based equipment.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
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