Novel association approach for variable number tandem repeats (vntrs) identifies Dock5 as a susceptibility gene for severe obesity

El-Sayed Moustafa, Julia S., Eleftherohorinou, Hariklia, de Smith, Adam J., Andersson-Assarsson, Johanna C., Couto Alves, Alexessander, Hadjigeorgiou, Eleni, Walters, Robin G., Asher, Julian E., Bottolo, Leonardo, Buxton, Jessica L., Sladek, Rob, Meyre, David, Dina, Christian, Visvikis-Siest, Sophie, Jacobson, Peter, Sjostrom, Lars, Carlsson, Lena M. S., Walley, Andrew, Falchi, Mario, Froguel, Philippe, Blakemore, Alexandra I. F. and Coin, Lachlan J. M. (2012) Novel association approach for variable number tandem repeats (vntrs) identifies Dock5 as a susceptibility gene for severe obesity. Human Molecular Genetics, 21 16: 3727-3738. doi:10.1093/hmg/dds187

Author El-Sayed Moustafa, Julia S.
Eleftherohorinou, Hariklia
de Smith, Adam J.
Andersson-Assarsson, Johanna C.
Couto Alves, Alexessander
Hadjigeorgiou, Eleni
Walters, Robin G.
Asher, Julian E.
Bottolo, Leonardo
Buxton, Jessica L.
Sladek, Rob
Meyre, David
Dina, Christian
Visvikis-Siest, Sophie
Jacobson, Peter
Sjostrom, Lars
Carlsson, Lena M. S.
Walley, Andrew
Falchi, Mario
Froguel, Philippe
Blakemore, Alexandra I. F.
Coin, Lachlan J. M.
Title Novel association approach for variable number tandem repeats (vntrs) identifies Dock5 as a susceptibility gene for severe obesity
Journal name Human Molecular Genetics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0964-6906
Publication date 2012-01-01
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/hmg/dds187
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 21
Issue 16
Start page 3727
End page 3738
Total pages 12
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Abstract Variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) constitute a relatively under-examined class of genomic variants in the context of complex disease because of their sequence complexity and the challenges in assaying them. Recent large-scale genome-wide copy number variant mapping and association efforts have highlighted the need for improved methodology for association studies using these complex polymorphisms. Here we describe the in-depth investigation of a complex region on chromosome 8p21.2 encompassing the dedicator of cytokinesis 5 (DOCK5) gene. The region includes two VNTRs of complex sequence composition which flank a common 3975 bp deletion, all three of which were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction and fragment analysis in a total of 2744 subjects. We have developed a novel VNTR association method named VNTRtest, suitable for association analysis of multi-allelic loci with binary and quantitative outcomes, and have used this approach to show significant association of the DOCK5 VNTRs with childhood and adult severe obesity (Pempirical = 8.9 × 10-8 and P = 3.1 × 10-3, respectively) which we estimate explains ~0.8% of the phenotypic variance. We also identified an independent association between the 3975 base pair (bp) deletion and obesity, explaining a further 0.46% of the variance (Pcombined = 1.6 × 10-3). Evidence for association between DOCK5 transcript levels and the 3975 bp deletion (P = 0.027) and both VNTRs (Pempirical = 0.015) was also identified in adipose tissue from a Swedish family sample, providing support for a functional effect of the DOCK5 deletion and VNTRs. These findings highlight the potential role of DOCK5 in human obesity and illustrate a novel approach for analysis of the contribution of VNTRs to disease susceptibility through association studies.
Keyword Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Genetics & Heredity
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Genetics & Heredity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID WT088431MA
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Institute for Molecular Bioscience - Publications
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