Measurement and modelling of the influence of grain size and pressure gradient on swash uprush sediment transport

Othman, Ilya K., Baldock, Tom E. and Callaghan, David P. (2014) Measurement and modelling of the influence of grain size and pressure gradient on swash uprush sediment transport. Coastal Engineering, 83 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.09.001

Author Othman, Ilya K.
Baldock, Tom E.
Callaghan, David P.
Title Measurement and modelling of the influence of grain size and pressure gradient on swash uprush sediment transport
Journal name Coastal Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-3839
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.09.001
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 83
Start page 1
End page 14
Total pages 14
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 2212 Ocean Engineering
2305 Environmental Engineering
Formatted abstract
The paper examines the dependency between total sediment transport, q, and grain size, D (i.e. q∝Dp) under dam break generated swash flows. Experiments were performed in a dam break flume over a sloping mobile sand bed with median grain sizes ranging from 0.22mm to 2.65mm. The total sediment transport was measured by truncating the flume bed and collecting the sediment transported over the edge. The experiments were designed to exclude pre-generated turbulence and pre-suspended sediment so as to focus solely on the swash flow. The magnitude and nature of the grain size dependency (i.e. p value) were inferred for different flow parameters; the initial dam depth, do, the integrated depth averaged velocity cubed, ∫u3dt, and against the predicted transport potential, qp, using the Meyer-Peter Muller (MPM) transport model and variations of that model. The data show that negative dependencies (p<0) are obtained for do and qp, whilst positive dependencies (p>0) are obtained for ∫u3dt. This indicates that a given do and qp transport less sediment as grain size increases, whereas transport increases with grain size for a given ∫u3dt. The p value is found to be narrowly ranged, 0.5 ≤ p ≤ -0.5. On average, the incorporation of a pressure gradient term via the piezometric head into the MPM formulation reduces qp by 4% (fine sand) to 18% (coarse sand). The measured total transport for fine and coarse sands is best predicted using MPM and MPM+ dp*/dx respectively. However, the inferred optimum transport coefficient in the MPM formulation is about 30, much higher than the standard coefficient in a steady flow and this is not due to the presence of the pre-suspended sediment. The optimum transport coefficient indicates some sensitivity to grain size, suggesting that some transport processes remain unaccounted for in the model.
Keyword Dam break
Grain size
Meyer-Peter Muller
Sediment transport
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 9 October 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
Official 2014 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 11 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 22 Jan 2014, 00:24:18 EST by Julie Hunter on behalf of School of Civil Engineering