Examining the social porosity of environmental features on neighborhood sociability and attachment

Hipp, John R., Corcoran, Jonathan, Wickes, Rebecca and Li, Tiebei (2014) Examining the social porosity of environmental features on neighborhood sociability and attachment. PloS One, 9 1: 1-13. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084544

Author Hipp, John R.
Corcoran, Jonathan
Wickes, Rebecca
Li, Tiebei
Title Examining the social porosity of environmental features on neighborhood sociability and attachment
Journal name PloS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2014-01-10
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0084544
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Place of publication San Francisco, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The local neighborhood forms an integral part of our lives. It provides the context through which social networks are nurtured and the foundation from which a sense of attachment and cohesion with fellow residents can be established. Whereas much of the previous research has examined the role of social and demographic characteristic in relation to the level of neighboring and cohesion, this paper explores whether particular environmental features in the neighborhood affect social porosity. We define social porosity as the degree to which social ties flow over the surface of a neighborhood. The focus of our paper is to examine the extent to which a neighborhood's environmental features impede the level of social porosity present among residents. To do this, we integrate data from the census, topographic databases and a 2010 survey of 4,351 residents from 146 neighborhoods in Australia. The study introduces the concepts of wedges and social holes. The presence of two sources of wedges is measured: rivers and highways. The presence of two sources of social holes is measured: parks and industrial areas. Borrowing from the geography literature, several measures are constructed to capture how these features collectively carve up the physical environment of neighborhoods. We then consider how this influences residents' neighboring behavior, their level of attachment to the neighborhood and their sense of neighborhood cohesion. We find that the distance of a neighborhood to one form of social hole–industrial areas–has a particularly strong negative effect on all three dependent variables. The presence of the other form of social hole–parks–has a weaker negative effect. Neighborhood wedges also impact social interaction. Both the length of a river and the number of highway fragments in a neighborhood has a consistent negative effect on neighboring, attachment and cohesion.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article number e84544.

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Created: Wed, 15 Jan 2014, 23:56:11 EST by Dr Rebecca Wickes on behalf of School of Social Science