Exploring the validity of HPQ-based presenteeism measures to estimate productivity losses in the health and education sectors

Scuffham, Paul A., Vecchio, Nerina and Whiteford, Harvey A. (2014) Exploring the validity of HPQ-based presenteeism measures to estimate productivity losses in the health and education sectors. Medical Decision Making, 34 1: 127-137. doi:10.1177/0272989X13497996


Author Scuffham, Paul A.
Vecchio, Nerina
Whiteford, Harvey A.
Title Exploring the validity of HPQ-based presenteeism measures to estimate productivity losses in the health and education sectors
Journal name Medical Decision Making   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0272-989X
1552-681X
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0272989X13497996
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 34
Issue 1
Start page 127
End page 137
Total pages 11
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher Sage
Language eng
Subject 2719 Health Policy
Abstract Background. Illness-related presenteeism (suboptimal work performance) may be a significant factor in worker productivity. Until now, there has been no generally accepted best method of measuring presenteeism across different industries and occupations. This study sought to validate the Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ)-based measure of presenteeism across occupations and industries and assess the most appropriate method for data analysis. Methods. Work performance was measured using the modified version of the HPQ conducted in workforce samples from the education and health workforce in Queensland, Australia (N = 30,870) during 2005 and 2006. Three approaches to data analysis of presenteeism measures were assessed using absolute performance, the ratio of own performance to others' performance, and the difference between others' and own performance. The best measure is judged by its sensitivity to changes in health indicators. Results. The measure that best correlated to health indicators was absolute presenteeism. For example, in the health sector, correlations between physical health status and absolute presenteeism were 4 to 5 times greater than the ratio or difference approaches, and in the education sector, these correlations were twice as large. Using this approach, the estimated cost of presenteeism in 2006 was $Aus8338 and $Aus8092 per worker per annum for the health and education sectors, respectively. Conclusions. The HPQ is a valid measure of presenteeism. Transforming responses by perceived performance of peers is unnecessary as absolute presenteeism correlated best with health indicators. Absolute presenteeism was more insightful for ascertaining the cost of presenteeism.
Keyword Efficiency
Human capital approach
Productivity Loss
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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