Humpback whale song on the southern ocean feeding grounds: implications for cultural transmission

Garland, Ellen C., Gedamke, Jason, Rekdahl, Melinda L., Noad, Michael J., Garrigue, Claire and Gales, Nick (2013) Humpback whale song on the southern ocean feeding grounds: implications for cultural transmission. PLoS One, 8 11: e79422.1-e79422.9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079422

Author Garland, Ellen C.
Gedamke, Jason
Rekdahl, Melinda L.
Noad, Michael J.
Garrigue, Claire
Gales, Nick
Title Humpback whale song on the southern ocean feeding grounds: implications for cultural transmission
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2013-11-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0079422
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 8
Issue 11
Start page e79422.1
End page e79422.9
Total pages 9
Place of publication San Francisco, CA, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Subject 2700 Medicine
1300 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Abstract Male humpback whales produce a long, complex, and stereotyped song on low-latitude breeding grounds; they also sing while migrating to and from these locations, and occasionally in high-latitude summer feeding areas. All males in a population sing the current version of the constantly evolving display and, within an ocean basin, populations sing similar songs; however, this sharing can be complex. In the western and central South Pacific region there is repeated cultural transmission of song types from eastern Australia to other populations eastward. Song sharing is hypothesized to occur through several possible mechanisms. Here, we present the first example of feeding ground song from the Southern Ocean Antarctic Area V and compare it to song from the two closest breeding populations. The early 2010 song contained at least four distinct themes; these matched four themes from the eastern Australian 2009 song, and the same four themes from the New Caledonian 2010 song recorded later in the year. This provides evidence for at least one of the hypothesized mechanisms of song transmission between these two populations, singing while on shared summer feeding grounds. In addition, the feeding grounds may provide a point of acoustic contact to allow the rapid horizontal cultural transmission of song within the western and central South Pacific region and the wider Southern Ocean.
Keyword Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
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