The role of parental alcohol use, parental discipline and antisocial behaviour on adolescent drinking trajectories

Alati, R., Baker, P., Betts, K. S., Connor, J. P., Little, K., Sanson, A. and Olsson, C. A. (2014) The role of parental alcohol use, parental discipline and antisocial behaviour on adolescent drinking trajectories. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 134 1: 178-184. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.09.030

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Author Alati, R.
Baker, P.
Betts, K. S.
Connor, J. P.
Little, K.
Sanson, A.
Olsson, C. A.
Title The role of parental alcohol use, parental discipline and antisocial behaviour on adolescent drinking trajectories
Journal name Drug and Alcohol Dependence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0376-8716
1879-0046
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.09.030
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 134
Issue 1
Start page 178
End page 184
Total pages 7
Place of publication Shannon, Co. Clare Ireland
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Language eng
Subject 2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
3005 Toxicology
3004 Pharmacology
2736 Pharmacology (medical)
Formatted abstract
Backgrounds: Parental drinking, harsh parental discipline and adolescent antisocial behaviour have been independently implicated in adolescent alcohol use. Robust prospective studies are required to examine developmental relationships between these factors and their effect on trajectories of alcohol use across adolescence.

Methods: Data were ascertained at three consecutive adolescent waves (13.5, 15.5 and 17.5 years) from the Australian Temperament Project, a 15-wave (30 year) general population birth cohort in Victoria, Australia. Adolescent alcohol trajectories, adjusted for time-varying measures of parenting and antisocial behaviour, were regressed on time-stable measures of parental alcohol use. The full case analysis comprised 751 individuals with complete data.

Results: Two distinct alcohol trajectories were identified across the three adolescent waves after adjusting for time-varying factors: a higher and lower drinking group. Both trajectories increased linearly over the study period. Antisocial behaviour was positively associated with both trajectories while harsh parental discipline was positively associated with alcohol use in the lower-use group only. Increased maternal and paternal drinking at 13.5 years placed teenagers at a greater risk of being included in the high-risk trajectory.

Conclusion: Parental drinking was the strongest predictor of different drinking trajectories in adolescence. This finding underscores the importance of comprehensive public heath approaches that target both parental and adolescent drinking attitudes and behaviour. 
Keyword Adolescence
Alcohol
Antisocial behaviour
Parental alcohol use
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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