Evaluating the influence of candidate terrestrial protected areas on coral reef condition in Fiji

Klein, Carissa J., Jupiter, Stacy D., Watts, Matthew and Possingham, Hugh P. (2014) Evaluating the influence of candidate terrestrial protected areas on coral reef condition in Fiji. Marine Policy, 44 360-365. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.10.001

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Author Klein, Carissa J.
Jupiter, Stacy D.
Watts, Matthew
Possingham, Hugh P.
Title Evaluating the influence of candidate terrestrial protected areas on coral reef condition in Fiji
Journal name Marine Policy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0308-597X
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.10.001
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 44
Start page 360
End page 365
Total pages 6
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Subject 2300 Environmental Science
Abstract In any given region, there are multiple options for terrestrial protected area networks that achieve goals for conservation of terrestrial biodiversity and ecosystem values. When deciding on the location of terrestrial protected areas, planners typically focus only on terrestrial conservation goals, ignoring potential linked benefits to marine ecosystems. These benefits include maintenance of downstream water quality, as forest protection can prevent changes in amount and composition of river runoff that negatively impacts coral reefs. This study aims to determine the benefit of different terrestrial reserve networks to the condition of coral reefs adjacent to the main islands of Fiji to support the work of Fiji's Protected Area Committee in expanding the national protected area estate through integrated land-sea planning. Options for terrestrial protected area networks were designed using six approaches, where the primary objective of each approach was to either achieve terrestrial conservation goals (e.g., represent 40% of each vegetation type) or maximize benefits to coral reefs by minimizing potential for land-based runoff. When achieving terrestrial conservation goals was the primary objective, the potential benefits to coral reef condition were 7.7-10.4% greater than benefits from the existing network of protected areas. When benefiting reefs was the primary objective, benefits to coral reefs were 1.1-2.8 times greater per unit area than networks designed to only achieve terrestrial conservation goals, but 31-44% of the terrestrial conservation goals were not achieved. These results are already being used by Fiji's Protected Area Committee to modify the boundaries of existing priority places to deliver outcomes that better meet terrestrial conservation goals while offering greater benefits to coral reef condition through prevention of run-off.
Keyword Coral reef
Integrated land-sea planning
Protected areas
Spatial conservation prioritization
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online: 5 November 2013.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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