Bilharzia in the Philippines: past, present, and future

Olveda, David U., Li, Yuesheng, Olveda, Remigio M., Lam, Alfred K., McManus, Donald P., Williams, Gail M., Gray, Darren J. and Ross, Allen G. P. (2014) Bilharzia in the Philippines: past, present, and future. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 18 1: 52-56. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2013.09.011

Author Olveda, David U.
Li, Yuesheng
Olveda, Remigio M.
Lam, Alfred K.
McManus, Donald P.
Williams, Gail M.
Gray, Darren J.
Ross, Allen G. P.
Title Bilharzia in the Philippines: past, present, and future
Journal name International Journal of Infectious Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1878-3511
Publication date 2014-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijid.2013.09.011
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 18
Issue 1
Start page 52
End page 56
Total pages 5
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Schistosomiasis japonica has a long history in the Philippines. In 1975, 24 endemic provinces were identified in the northern, central, and southern islands of the Philippines. More than five million people were at risk, with approximately one million infected. In 2003, new foci of infection were found in two provinces in the north and central areas. For the past 30 years, human mass drug administration (MDA), utilizing the drug praziquantel, has been the mainstay of control in the country. Recent studies have shown that the schistosomiasis prevalence ranges from 1% to 50% within different endemic zones. Severe end-organ morbidity is still present in many endemic areas, particularly in remote villages with poor treatment coverage. Moreover, subtle morbidities such as growth retardation, malnutrition, anemia, and poor cognitive function in infected children persist. There is now strong evidence that large mammals (e.g. water buffaloes, cattle) contribute significantly to disease transmission, complicating control efforts. Given the zoonotic nature of schistosomiasis in the Philippines, it is evident that the incidence, prevalence, and morbidity of the disease will not be controlled by MDA alone. There is a need for innovative cost-effective strategies to control schistosomiasis in the long term.
Keyword Bilharzia
Schistosoma japonicum
Schistosoma japonicum
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 18 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 17 Dec 2013, 21:50:25 EST by Dr Anna D MacDonald (nee Holmes) on behalf of School of Public Health