Financing marine protected areas through visitor fees: insights from tourists willingness to pay in Chile

Gelcich, Stefan, Amar, Francisca, Valdebenito, Abel, Carlos Castilla, Juan, Fernandez, Miriam, Godoy, Cecilia and Biggs, Duan (2013) Financing marine protected areas through visitor fees: insights from tourists willingness to pay in Chile. Ambio, 42 8: 975-984. doi:10.1007/s13280-013-0453-z


Author Gelcich, Stefan
Amar, Francisca
Valdebenito, Abel
Carlos Castilla, Juan
Fernandez, Miriam
Godoy, Cecilia
Biggs, Duan
Title Financing marine protected areas through visitor fees: insights from tourists willingness to pay in Chile
Journal name Ambio   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0044-7447
1654-7209
Publication date 2013-11-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s13280-013-0453-z
Volume 42
Issue 8
Start page 975
End page 984
Total pages 10
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Abstract Tourism is a financing mechanism considered by many donor-funded marine conservation initiatives. Here we assess the potential role of visitor entry fees, in generating the necessary revenue to manage a marine protected area (MPA), established through a Global Environmental Facility Grant, in a temperate region of Chile. We assess tourists' willingness to pay (WTP) for an entry fee associated to management and protection of the MPA. Results show 97 % of respondents were willing to pay an entrance fee. WTP predictors included the type of tourist, tourists' sensitivity to crowding, education, and understanding of ecological benefits of the MPA. Nature-based tourists state median WTP values of US$ 4.38 and Sun-sea-sand tourists US$ 3.77. Overall, entry fees could account for 10-13 % of MPA running costs. In Chile, where funding for conservation runs among the weakest in the world, visitor entry fees are no panacea in the short term and other mechanisms, including direct state/government support, should be considered.
Keyword Consumer surplus
Social-ecological systems
Nature-based tourism
Human dimensions
Contingent valuation
MPA
Aichi targets
Conservation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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