Folks food webs and the role of praxis in substantive ecological knowledge

Orr, Yancey and Hallmark, Brian (2013) Folks food webs and the role of praxis in substantive ecological knowledge. Human Ecology, 42 2: 339-346. doi:10.1007/s10745-013-9628-2

Author Orr, Yancey
Hallmark, Brian
Title Folks food webs and the role of praxis in substantive ecological knowledge
Journal name Human Ecology
ISSN 0300-7839
Publication date 2013-12-06
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10745-013-9628-2
Open Access Status
Volume 42
Issue 2
Start page 339
End page 346
Total pages 8
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In the second half of the 20th century, investigations of indigenous environmental knowledge have been the subject of broader anthropological debates over how knowledge and experience are formed. Many such approaches have focused on environmental nomenclature and taxonomy, or what Roy Ellen has called “formal lexical knowledge” (1999). Such knowledge is readily available to an ethnographer and also more easily transmitted through language between subjects. These characteristics of formal lexical knowledge have led to considerable attention given to differences in environmental knowledge between cultures and have possibly resulted in the inflation of the efficacy of language in forming knowledge. However, if a different form of environmental knowledge is examined are there differences that emerge within communities and other processes beyond symbolic systems that shape knowledge? To address these questions, individuals in two Balinese agricultural communities were asked to construct food webs by linking photos of plant and animal species according to ecological interaction. The results showed significant variation in subjects’ knowledge by gender, which corresponds to labor experience in Balinese wet rice agricultural systems. By shifting attention toward emic models of ecological interactions, this article attempts to demonstrate (1) that environmental knowledge differs within a single community; and, (2) the role of labor experience or praxis has in forming environmental knowledge.
Keyword Environmental knowledge
Southeast Asia
Food webs
Role of praxis
Indigenous environment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 06 December 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
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Created: Wed, 11 Dec 2013, 02:10:19 EST by Debbie Lim on behalf of School of Social Science