Social Contacts and Ecstasy Offers: Findings of a Population-Based Study

Smirnov, Andrew, Najman, Jake M., Legosz. Margot, Wells, Helene and Kemp, Robert (2013) Social Contacts and Ecstasy Offers: Findings of a Population-Based Study. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 45 5: 425-433. doi:10.1080/02791072.2013.845708

Author Smirnov, Andrew
Najman, Jake M.
Legosz. Margot
Wells, Helene
Kemp, Robert
Title Social Contacts and Ecstasy Offers: Findings of a Population-Based Study
Journal name Journal of Psychoactive Drugs   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0279-1072
Publication date 2013-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02791072.2013.845708
Open Access Status
Volume 45
Issue 5
Start page 425
End page 433
Total pages 9
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA United States
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Subject 2701 Medicine (miscellaneous)
3200 Psychology
Abstract Ecstasy (MDMA) use is relatively common among young adults in many developed countries. However, little is known about how young non-users are first introduced to Ecstasy, including the relative contribution of peer networks and individual risk factors. We assess the role of social contact with Ecstasy-using peers in regard to young adults' exposure to offers of Ecstasy, using data from the Natural History Study, a population-based study conducted in Australia. Population screening of young adults (19- to 23-year-olds) identified a sample of young Ecstasy users (N = 315) and a comparison group of Ecstasy-naïve participants (N = 199). Two outcomes are considered: being exposed to any Ecstasy offers and being exposed to > 3 offers. Extensive social contact with Ecstasy users was defined as knowing >10 Ecstasy users. Of the Ecstasy-naïve young adults, >40% had ever received Ecstasy offers. Extensive social contact with Ecstasy users independently predicted exposure to multiple (> 3) Ecstasy offers for Ecstasy-naïve young adults. These findings indicate that Ecstasy offers are widespread among users and non-users of Ecstasy. For non-users, exposure to Ecstasy offers occurs through social contact with drug-using peers independently of individual risk factors. The pervasiveness of Ecstasy offers suggests that universal education concerning Ecstasy use is required.
Keyword Drug offers
Drug use opportunity
Ecstasy (MDMA)
Social contact
Young adults
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Social Science Publications
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