The ecodynamics of the first modern humans in southwestern Iberia: the case of Vale Boi, Portugal

Bicho, Nuno, Manne, Tiina, Marreiros, João, Cascalheira, João, Pereira, Telmo, Tátá, Frederico, Évora, Marina, Gonçalves, Célia and Infantini, Leandro (2013) The ecodynamics of the first modern humans in southwestern Iberia: the case of Vale Boi, Portugal. Quaternary International, 318 102-116. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2013.06.029

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Author Bicho, Nuno
Manne, Tiina
Marreiros, João
Cascalheira, João
Pereira, Telmo
Tátá, Frederico
Évora, Marina
Gonçalves, Célia
Infantini, Leandro
Title The ecodynamics of the first modern humans in southwestern Iberia: the case of Vale Boi, Portugal
Journal name Quaternary International   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1040-6182
Publication date 2013-12-18
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.06.029
Volume 318
Start page 102
End page 116
Total pages 15
Editor Jonathan Haws
Nuno Bicho
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Subject 1904 Performing Arts and Creative Writing
Formatted abstract
This paper will focus on the ecology of the first Anatomically Modern Humans in SW Iberia based on the rock shelter of Vale Boi (Algarve, Portugal), a site with a long stratigraphic record starting with Late Middle Paleolithic followed by early Gravettian, Proto-Solutrean, Solutrean, and Magdalenian. Early Gravettian remains are present in various areas and different levels of the site, and are dated to c. 32 ka cal BP, corresponding to the earliest modern human occupation in SW Iberia. These communities most likely came from the Iberian Mediterranean coast as bone technology and body ornaments seem to confirm. The Gravettian of Vale Boi provides clear evidence of an intensification and diversification of dietary resources from very early, including the use of grease-rendering. Here, reconstruction of the Gravettian human ecology at Vale Boi is based on the diversity of human occupations, focusing mostly on diachronic changes in the patterns of resources acquisition and land-use, but also on subsistence, technological, social and symbolic elements.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Special issue: "Paleolithic Ecodynamics in southern Iberia".

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
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