Sleep disorders in children

Waters, Karen A., Suresh, Sadasivam and Nixon, Gillian M. (2013) Sleep disorders in children. Medical Journal of Australia, 199 8: S31-S35. doi:10.5694/mja13.10621

Author Waters, Karen A.
Suresh, Sadasivam
Nixon, Gillian M.
Title Sleep disorders in children
Journal name Medical Journal of Australia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0025-729X
Publication date 2013-10-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.5694/mja13.10621
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 199
Issue 8
Start page S31
End page S35
Total pages 5
Place of publication Strawberry Hills, NSW, Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Language eng
Subject 2700 Medicine
Abstract • Sleep disorders are very common in childhood and are often amenable to simple advice and parental education. • Questions about sleep should be an integral part of every paediatric consultation. • Children with underlying syndromes or complex medical conditions often have multiple sleep issues. • Excessive sleepiness in children requires careful historytaking and consideration of specialised investigation. • Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common condition in childhood with important health implications. • The high prevalence of OSA warrants rigorous attempts to identify children at higher risk and manage them appropriately. • Adenotonsillectomy is a highly efficacious therapy for paediatric OSA. • A current major issue is to improve ways of distinguishing mild from severe OSA before a child undergoes adenotonsillectomy, as those with more severe disease are at increased risk of postoperative complications and should undergo adenotonsillectomy in a tertiary centre. • Children with obesity and other comorbid conditions are at increased risk of persisting OSA despite adenotonsillectomy. • Topical (nasal) steroids and/or anti-inflammatory agents have a role in the non-surgical treatment of mild OSA. • Continuous positive airway pressure and orthodontic interventions are treatment options for treatment of persisting OSA in children.
Keyword Central Hypoventilation Syndrome
Rapid Maxillary Expansion
School-Aged Children
Apnea Syndrome
Childhood Sleep
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Mater Research Institute-UQ (MRI-UQ)
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