Dehydroxylation of serpentine minerals: implications for mineral carbonation

Dlugogorski, Bogdan Z. and Balucan, Reydick D. (2014) Dehydroxylation of serpentine minerals: implications for mineral carbonation. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 31 12: 353-367. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2013.11.002

Author Dlugogorski, Bogdan Z.
Balucan, Reydick D.
Title Dehydroxylation of serpentine minerals: implications for mineral carbonation
Journal name Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1364-0321
Publication date 2014-03-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2013.11.002
Open Access Status
Volume 31
Issue 12
Start page 353
End page 367
Total pages 15
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Subject 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Abstract This review examines studies on the dehydroxylation of serpentine minerals published in the open literature from 1945 to 2013, with brief description of earlier work. Presently, the energy cost and technological complications, required to amorphise serpentine minerals by dehydroxylation, prevent their large-scale application for sequestering of CO2. The focus of the review is on thermal dehydroxylation, although mechanical dehydroxylation by grinding and shock, as well as thermomechanical dehydroxylation are also covered. We discuss the chemical and physical transformations involving the proposed mechanisms, thermal stability, reaction kinetics, the formation of intermediates and products, associated heat requirements, factors that influence the reaction, as well as associated enhancements in both dissolution and carbonation. The primary factor controlling the availability of Mg for either extraction or carbonation is structural disorder. The review demonstrates that, activation processes must avoid recrystallisation of disordered phases to fosterite and enstatite, and minimise the partial pressure of water vapour that engenders reverse reaction.
Keyword CO2 mineralisation
Serpentine dehydroxylation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Official 2014 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 13 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 14 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 06 Dec 2013, 00:56:26 EST by Reydick Balucan on behalf of School of Chemical Engineering