Application of hydrodynamics to sub-basin-scale static and dynamic reservoir models

Underschultz, J. R., Otto, C. and Hennig, A. (2007) Application of hydrodynamics to sub-basin-scale static and dynamic reservoir models. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 57 1-2: 92-105. doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2005.10.014


Author Underschultz, J. R.
Otto, C.
Hennig, A.
Title Application of hydrodynamics to sub-basin-scale static and dynamic reservoir models
Journal name Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0920-4105
1873-4715
Publication date 2007-05-01
Year available 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.petrol.2005.10.014
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 57
Issue 1-2
Start page 92
End page 105
Total pages 14
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Language eng
Abstract In mature hydrocarbon provinces, the impact of production induced pressure depletion on un-produced or undiscovered reserves is a concern. Reduced formation pressure has an adverse effect on recoverability, but more problematic are accumulations that are filled to spill, where a reduction of formation pressure results either in gas exsolution or gas cap expansion and loss of liquids from the trap. In the Australian context, the latter is of significant concern owing to the gas rich nature of many of its sedimentary basins. Standard reservoir engineering techniques have been used to evaluate the impact of pressure depletion with mixed results. There are three assumptions typically made in the reservoir models that are normally valid for a single pool, but can add significant uncertainty when applied to a region of several pools, or worse yet, at the sub-basin or basin-scale. The first assumption is that the virgin pressure state of the aquifer at the base of the hydrocarbon column can be approximated by an average hydrostatic formation water pressure gradient. The second is that all pressure data can be referenced to a common reservoir datum by correcting each measured formation pressure using an assumed fluid pressure gradient. The third is that the aquifer which supports one or more hydrocarbon pools has a fixed volume. The study of basin hydrodynamics uses techniques that take into account the fact that, while the pre-production trapped hydrocarbon phase is static, the aquifer at the base of the hydrocarbon accumulation is dynamic. Regional boundary conditions can be identified that drive formation water flow and help define formation water influx and discharge from an aquifer system rather than assuming a fixed aquifer volume. Pressures in an aquifer may therefore vary for a given depth, due to variations in the hydraulic potential field resulting from differences in aquifer properties across a sub-basin. Hydrodynamic techniques also characterise formation pressure data using a hydraulic head to avoid the requirement of referencing a formation pressure to a depth datum. It removes the need to assume a particular fluid pressure gradient when the fluid composition is not known. This paper describes how hydrodynamic techniques can be incorporated into the static and dynamic reservoir models to reduce errors and uncertainty in the model results. These include the use of a potentiometric energy distribution for the aquifer to obtain aquifer pressure rather than an average hydrostatic gradient and a basin wide depth datum, and the characterisation of natural inflows and discharges rather than assuming a fixed aquifer volume. The approach is exemplified with data from various basins.
Keyword Hydrodynamics
Reservoir models
Aquifers
Pressure
Depletion
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Centre for Coal Seam Gas
 
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