The use of fine-wire EMG to investigate shoulder muscle recruitment patterns during cello bowing: the results of a pilot study

Rickert, Dale L., Halaki, Mark, Ginn, Karen A., Barrett, Margaret S. and Ackermann, Bronwen J. (2013) The use of fine-wire EMG to investigate shoulder muscle recruitment patterns during cello bowing: the results of a pilot study. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 23 6: 1261-1268. doi:10.1016/j.jelekin.2013.07.013


Author Rickert, Dale L.
Halaki, Mark
Ginn, Karen A.
Barrett, Margaret S.
Ackermann, Bronwen J.
Title The use of fine-wire EMG to investigate shoulder muscle recruitment patterns during cello bowing: the results of a pilot study
Journal name Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1050-6411
1873-5711
Publication date 2013-12-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jelekin.2013.07.013
Volume 23
Issue 6
Start page 1261
End page 1268
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract The physical mechanics of music making is important both in the prevention of injuries and in guiding how music is performed and taught. Electromyography has potential as a resource in understanding the loads involved in instrumental playing; however, only a small number of projects have been undertaken, and little is understood on the muscle activity used during bowing on string instruments. This study aimed to measure the muscle activity at the bowing shoulder of a cellist during cello playing and to establish if fine-wire EMG is useful in understanding muscle recruitment in string players without interfering with normal playing ability. This project used a combination of fine-wire and surface EMG to evaluate the muscular load placed on the right shoulder of a professional cellist whilst playing a set of various bowing exercises. The results indicated that different bowing techniques produced statistically different muscle activity levels, with the supraspinatus muscle in particular maintaining higher mean contraction (20% MVC) during all bowing patterns tested. Fine-wire EMG was useful in measuring shoulder muscle load and did not interfere with normal playing technique of the subject. Overall, the study presents a working protocol from which future studies may be able conduct further research.
Keyword Cello players
Electromyography
Muscular load
Shoulder injuries
String biomechanics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Music Publications
 
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