Oral cancer in Australia 1982-2008: a growing need for opportunistic screening and prevention

Farah, C. S., Simanovic, B. and Dost, F. (2014) Oral cancer in Australia 1982-2008: a growing need for opportunistic screening and prevention. Australian Dental Journal, 59 3: 349-359. doi:10.1111/adj.12198


Author Farah, C. S.
Simanovic, B.
Dost, F.
Title Oral cancer in Australia 1982-2008: a growing need for opportunistic screening and prevention
Journal name Australian Dental Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0045-0421
1834-7819
Publication date 2014-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/adj.12198
Volume 59
Issue 3
Start page 349
End page 359
Total pages 11
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background
Globally, a decline in the incidence of oral cancer has been noted, while the mortality rates have remained relatively stable. The aim of this study was to provide an update on the incidence and mortality of oral cancer in Australia on a national and state level.

Methods
Data regarding new cases and deaths associated with cancer of the lip, oral cavity and oropharynx were obtained from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare for the period 1982–2008. Crude- and age-standardized incidence and mortality rates were calculated for all of Australia and for each state and territory.

Results
A total of 60 826 cases of lip, oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer were diagnosed in Australia. Between 1992 and 2008, a decline in the annual percentage change of age-standardized incidence was noted. The lip, followed by the tongue, continue to represent the most common sites of new oral cancer cases. There was no significant change in the rates of mortality for oral cancer over the time period.

Conclusions
These findings show that the oral cancer mortality rate remains high despite a decline in incidence over the past three decades, highlighting a greater need for dental practitioners to undertake preventive strategies and opportunistic screening for patients.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2015 Collection
 
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Created: Mon, 02 Dec 2013, 21:33:44 EST by Roheen Gill on behalf of UQ Centre for Clinical Research