Cross-cultural decoding of positive and negative non-linguistic emotion vocalizations

Laukka, Petri, Elfenbein, Hillary Anger, Soder, Nela, Nordstrom, Henrik, Althoff, Jean, Chui, Wanda, Iraki, Frederick K., Rockstuhl, Thomas and Thingujam, Nutankumar S. T (2013) Cross-cultural decoding of positive and negative non-linguistic emotion vocalizations. Frontiers in Psychology, 4 . doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00353

Author Laukka, Petri
Elfenbein, Hillary Anger
Soder, Nela
Nordstrom, Henrik
Althoff, Jean
Chui, Wanda
Iraki, Frederick K.
Rockstuhl, Thomas
Thingujam, Nutankumar S. T
Title Cross-cultural decoding of positive and negative non-linguistic emotion vocalizations
Journal name Frontiers in Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1664-1078
Publication date 2013-07-30
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00353
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 4
Total pages 8
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publisher Frontiers Research Foundation
Subject 3200 Psychology
Abstract Which emotions are associated with universally recognized non-verbal signals?We address this issue by examining howreliably non-linguistic vocalizations (affect bursts) can convey emotions across cultures. Actors from India, Kenya, Singapore, and USA were instructed to produce vocalizations that would convey nine positive and nine negative emotions to listeners. The vocalizations were judged by Swedish listeners using a within-valence forced-choice procedure, where positive and negative emotions were judged in separate experiments. Results showed that listeners could recognize a wide range of positive and negative emotions with accuracy above chance. For positive emotions, we observed the highest recognition rates for relief, followed by lust, interest, serenity and positive surprise, with affection and pride receiving the lowest recognition rates. Anger, disgust, fear, sadness, and negative surprise received the highest recognition rates for negative emotions, with the lowest rates observed for guilt and shame. By way of summary, results showed that the voice can reveal both basic emotions and several positive emotions other than happiness across cultures, but self-conscious emotions such as guilt, pride, and shame seem not to be well recognized from non-linguistic vocalizations.
Keyword Affect bursts
Emotion recognition
Non-verbal behavior
Positive emotions
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
UQ Business School Publications
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