The role of central and peripheral vision in expert decision making

Ryu, Donghyun, Abernethy, Bruce, Mann, David L., Poolton, Jamie M. and Gorman, Adam D. (2013) The role of central and peripheral vision in expert decision making. Perception, 42 6: 591-607. doi:10.1068/p7487

Author Ryu, Donghyun
Abernethy, Bruce
Mann, David L.
Poolton, Jamie M.
Gorman, Adam D.
Title The role of central and peripheral vision in expert decision making
Journal name Perception   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0301-0066
Publication date 2013-01-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1068/p7487
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 42
Issue 6
Start page 591
End page 607
Total pages 17
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Pion Ltd.
Language eng
Subject 2700 Medicine
3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
2809 Sensory Systems
1702 Artificial Intelligence
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of central and peripheral vision in expert decision making. A gaze-contingent display was used to selectively present information to the central and peripheral areas of the visual field while participants performed a decision-making task. Eleven skilled and eleven less-skilled male basketball players watched video clips of basketball scenarios in three different viewing conditions: full-image control, moving window (central vision only), and moving mask (peripheral vision only). At the conclusion of each clip participants were required to decide whether it was more appropriate for the ball-carrier to pass the ball or to drive to the basket. The skilled players showed significantly higher response accuracy and faster response times compared with their lesser-skilled counterparts in all three viewing conditions, demonstrating superiority in information extraction that held irrespective of whether they were using central or peripheral vision. The gaze behaviour of the skilled players was less influenced by the gaze-contingent manipulations, suggesting they were better able to use the remaining information to sustain their normal gaze behaviour. The superior capacity of experts to interpret dynamic visual information is evident regardless of whether the visual information is presented across the whole visual field or selectively to either central or peripheral vision alone.
Keyword Central vision
Decision making
Gaze-contingent display
Peripheral vision
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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