The potential of rice to offer solutions for malnutrition and chronic diseases

Dipti, Sharifa Sultana, Bergman, Christine, Indrasari, Siti Dewi, Herath, Theja, Hall, Robert, Lee, Hueihong, Habibi, Fatemeh, Bassinello, Priscilla Zaczuk, Graterol, Eduardo, Ferraz, Julie P. and Fitzgerald, Melissa (2012) The potential of rice to offer solutions for malnutrition and chronic diseases. Rice, 5 1: . doi:10.1186/1939-8433-5-16

Author Dipti, Sharifa Sultana
Bergman, Christine
Indrasari, Siti Dewi
Herath, Theja
Hall, Robert
Lee, Hueihong
Habibi, Fatemeh
Bassinello, Priscilla Zaczuk
Graterol, Eduardo
Ferraz, Julie P.
Fitzgerald, Melissa
Title The potential of rice to offer solutions for malnutrition and chronic diseases
Journal name Rice   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1939-8425
Publication date 2012-01-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1186/1939-8433-5-16
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 5
Issue 1
Total pages 18
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Language eng
Subject 1102 Agronomy and Crop Science
1111 Soil Science
1110 Plant Science
Abstract It is internationally accepted that malnutrition and chronic diseases in developing countries are key limitations to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. In many developing countries, rice is the primary source of nutrition. In those countries, the major forms of malnutrition are Fe-induced anaemia, Zn deficiency and Vitamin A deficiency, whereas the major chronic disease challenges are Type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some cancers. There is a growing corpus of evidence regarding both limitations and opportunities as to how rice could be an effective vehicle by which to tackle key nutrition and health related problems in countries with limited resources. Rice breeding programs are able to focus on developing new varieties carrying enhanced amounts of either Fe, Zn or betacarotene because of large public investment, and the intuitive link between providing a mineral/vitamin to cure a deficiency in that mineral/vitamin. By contrast, there has been little investment in progressing the development of particular varieties for potential impact on chronic diseases. In this review article we focus on the broad battery of evidence linking ricerelated nutritional limitations to their impact on a variety of human health issues. We discuss how rice might offer sometimes even simple solutions to rectifying key problems through targeted biofortification strategies and finally, we draw attention to how recent technological (-omics) developments may facilitate untold new opportunities for more rapidly generating improved rice varieties specifically designed to meet the current and future nutritional needs of a rapidly expanding global population.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article number 16.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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