Occupations of older adults: a cross cultural description

Eriksson, Gunilla M., Chung, Jenny C. C., Beng, Lim Hua, Hartman-Maeir, Adina, Yoo, Eunyoung, Orellano, Elsa M., van Nes, Fenna, de Jonge, Desleigh and Baum, Carolyn M. (2011) Occupations of older adults: a cross cultural description. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health, 31 4: 182-192. doi:10.3928/15394492-20110318-01

Author Eriksson, Gunilla M.
Chung, Jenny C. C.
Beng, Lim Hua
Hartman-Maeir, Adina
Yoo, Eunyoung
Orellano, Elsa M.
van Nes, Fenna
de Jonge, Desleigh
Baum, Carolyn M.
Title Occupations of older adults: a cross cultural description
Journal name OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1539-4492
Publication date 2011-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3928/15394492-20110318-01
Volume 31
Issue 4
Start page 182
End page 192
Total pages 11
Place of publication Thorofare, NJ, United States
Publisher Slack
Language eng
Subject 3609 Occupational Therapy
Formatted abstract
Participation in everyday occupations influences people's health and well-being. To enable individuals to do the activities they want and need to do is the main concern of occupational therapy practice. Many daily occupations are universal, but they also depend on culture. The development of the Activity Card Sort in eight countries has offered the opportunity to describe occupations across cultures. In the developmental process of culturally relevant versions of the Activity Card Sort by occupational therapists in each country, the instrument versions included samples of older adults (N = 468). These data are used in the current description with the aim of identifying central activities across cultures and central activities for Asian and Western cultures. Ten activities were identified as being central across cultures (i.e., more than half of the older adults in all eight countries performed them). They were the following: shopping in a store, doing grocery shopping, doing dishes, doing laundry, reading books or magazines, sitting and thinking, watching television, listening to radio or music, visiting with friends and relatives, and talking on the telephone. Further, 16 additional activities central to Asian culture and 18 activities central to Western culture were identified. The identification of central activities deepens knowledge of activities with cultural significance. This knowledge is needed in clinical practice and multicultural research. This description provides a starting point for further exploration of everyday occupations among older adults.
Keyword Aging
Activities of daily living
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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