Can employment positively affect the recovery of people with psychiatric disabilities?

Connell, Melissa, King, Robert and Crowe, Trevor (2011) Can employment positively affect the recovery of people with psychiatric disabilities?. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 35 1: 59-63. doi:10.2975/35.1.2011.59.63

Author Connell, Melissa
King, Robert
Crowe, Trevor
Title Can employment positively affect the recovery of people with psychiatric disabilities?
Journal name Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1095-158X
Publication date 2011-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2975/35.1.2011.59.63
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 35
Issue 1
Start page 59
End page 63
Total pages 5
Editor Judith Cook
Kim Mueser
Place of publication Boston, MA, United States
Publisher Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University
Language eng
Subject 2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
2742 Rehabilitation
3601 Health Professions (miscellaneous)
Formatted abstract
Objective: This study explored the relationship between employment and recovery in individuals with psychiatric disabilities and proposed that participants who were employed would have higher levels of recovery than participants who were not employed.

Methods: Data were analysed from a pre-existing data-set produced in a large scale NHMRC project conducted as part of the Australian Integrated Mental Health Initiative (AIMhi), High Support Stream. Participants were 344 people with a range of psychiatric illnesses who received support from 11 public sector and non-government mental health organizations in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. Scores on the Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS) were compared between those participants who were engaged in paid employment and those who were not.

Results: The results revealed that there was no difference in total recovery scores between those who worked and those who did not work. This finding indicated that higher recovery scores were not associated with participants who were employed. Also contrary to expectations, the results showed that workers scored lower than non-workers on the RAS factor described as "reliance on others" and there was a trend towards significance in the same direction on the factor "willingness to ask for help."

Conclusions and Implications for Practice: Further research needs to be conducted to determine if the differences between workers and non-workers on the above factors represent a personal variable such as independence or self-determination that is associated with individuals with psychiatric disabilities that are engaged in employment. Rehabilitation interventions aimed at increasing levels of employment in people with psychiatric disabilities could improve recovery and employment outcomes through focusing on these personal variables.
Keyword Psychiatric disability
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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