Carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by veterinarians in Australia

Jordan, D., Simon, J., Fury, S., Moss, S., Giffard, P., Maiwald, M., Southwell, P., Barton, M. D., Axon, J. E., Morris, S. G. and Trott, D. J. (2011) Carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by veterinarians in Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal, 89 5: 152-159. doi:10.1111/j.1751-0813.2011.00710.x


Author Jordan, D.
Simon, J.
Fury, S.
Moss, S.
Giffard, P.
Maiwald, M.
Southwell, P.
Barton, M. D.
Axon, J. E.
Morris, S. G.
Trott, D. J.
Title Carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by veterinarians in Australia
Journal name Australian Veterinary Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0005-0423
1751-0813
Publication date 2011-01-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1751-0813.2011.00710.x
Volume 89
Issue 5
Start page 152
End page 159
Total pages 8
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Language eng
Subject 3400 Veterinary
Abstract Objective To estimate the prevalence of carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among Australian veterinarians. Methods Individuals attending veterinary conferences in Australia in 2009 were recruited to provide nasal swabs and complete a questionnaire about their professional activities. Swabs were processed by standard methods for detecting MRSA and questionnaire responses were used to group veterinarians according to their areas of major work emphasis (species and practice type). Prevalence was estimated for each of these grouping and contingency tables and regression tree analysis used to explain the variation in MRSA carriage. Results Among the 771 respondents 'industry and government veterinarians' (controls) had the lowest prevalence of MRSA carriage at 0.9%. Veterinarians with horses as a major area of work emphasis had a prevalence of 11.8% (13-fold that of controls) and those whose only major emphasis was horses had a prevalence of 21.4% (23-fold that of controls). Veterinarians with dogs and cats as a major activity had a 4.9% prevalence (5-fold that of controls). Prevalence rates for other major activities (pigs, dairy and beef cattle, avian and wildlife) were also increased, but were estimated from smaller numbers of respondents. Regression tree analysis clearly isolated equine veterinarians and dog and cat practitioners as groups at increased risk of carriage of MRSA. Conclusion Carriage of MRSA is a notable occupational health issue for veterinarians in clinical practice in Australia, particularly those who work with horses. © 2011 The Authors. Australian Veterinary Journal
Keyword Australia
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
Veterinarians
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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