Structural and biomechanical aspects of equine sacroiliac joint function and their relationship to clinical disease

Goff, L. M., Jeffcott, L. B., Jasiewicz, J. and McGowan, C. M. (2008) Structural and biomechanical aspects of equine sacroiliac joint function and their relationship to clinical disease. Veterinary Journal, 176 3: 281-293. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.03.005


Author Goff, L. M.
Jeffcott, L. B.
Jasiewicz, J.
McGowan, C. M.
Title Structural and biomechanical aspects of equine sacroiliac joint function and their relationship to clinical disease
Journal name Veterinary Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1090-0233
1532-2971
Publication date 2008-06-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.03.005
Volume 176
Issue 3
Start page 281
End page 293
Total pages 13
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Pain originating from the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) in horses has long been associated with poor performance, yet specific diagnosis of sacroiliac dysfunction (SID) has been difficult to achieve. Clinical presentation of SID appears to fall into two categories. The first, presenting as pain and poor performance, is responsive to local analgesia of periarticular structures with poorly defined pathology. The second presents primarily as poor performance with bony pathological changes as a result of chronic instability. Diagnostic tests based on biomechanics as well as manual provocation for SIJ pain have formed the basis of tests currently used to diagnose SIJ dysfunction in humans. This review summarises the anatomy and biomechanics of the equine SIJ and current biomechanical, innervation and motor control concepts in human SID. The relationship between abnormal SIJ motion and altered neuromotor control with clinical disease of the equine SIJ are discussed. Future utilisation of these principles to develop new diagnostic and management tools for the equine SID is promising.
Keyword Horse
Neuromotor control
Physiotherapy
Poor performance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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