Joint associations of poor diet quality and prolonged television viewing time with abnormal glucose metabolism in Australian men and women

Reeves, Marina M., Healy, Genevieve N., Owen, Neville, Shaw, Jonathan E., Zimmet, Paul Z. and Dunstan, David W. (2013) Joint associations of poor diet quality and prolonged television viewing time with abnormal glucose metabolism in Australian men and women. Preventive Medicine, 57 5: 471-476. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.06.023

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Author Reeves, Marina M.
Healy, Genevieve N.
Owen, Neville
Shaw, Jonathan E.
Zimmet, Paul Z.
Dunstan, David W.
Title Joint associations of poor diet quality and prolonged television viewing time with abnormal glucose metabolism in Australian men and women
Journal name Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0091-7435
1096-0260
Publication date 2013-11-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.06.023
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 57
Issue 5
Start page 471
End page 476
Total pages 6
Place of publication Maryland Heights, United States
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Abstract Objective. To examine the independent and joint associations of diet quality and television viewing time with abnormal glucose metabolism (AGM) in men and women.
Formatted abstract
Objective
To examine the independent and joint associations of diet quality and television viewing time with abnormal glucose metabolism (AGM) in men and women.
Method
Cross-sectional data from 5346 women and 4344 men from the 1999 to 2000 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study were examined. Diet quality scores were derived from a food frequency questionnaire and categorised into tertiles (high; moderate; low). Television viewing time was dichotomised into low (≤ 14 h/week) and high (> 14 h/week). AGM was defined as impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, known or newly diagnosed diabetes based on an oral glucose tolerance test. Regression analyses were adjusted for confounding variables.
Results
Diet quality and television viewing time were significantly associated with AGM in women, independent of waist circumference. Compared to women with high diet quality/low television viewing time, women with low diet quality/low television viewing time and women with low diet quality/high television viewing time were significantly more likely to have AGM. Associations were not observed in men.
Conclusions
Both poor diet quality and prolonged television viewing should be addressed to reduce risk of AGM in women. Further understanding of modifiable risk factors in men is warranted.
Keyword Food habits
Television
Glucose metabolism disorders
Sedentary lifestyle
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID 389500
FT100100918
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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