Prevalence and predictors of cancer specific distress in men with a family history of prostate cancer

McDowell, M. E., Occhipinti, S., Gardiner, R. A. and Chambers, S. K. (2013) Prevalence and predictors of cancer specific distress in men with a family history of prostate cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 22 11: 2496-2504. doi:10.1002/pon.3312

Author McDowell, M. E.
Occhipinti, S.
Gardiner, R. A.
Chambers, S. K.
Title Prevalence and predictors of cancer specific distress in men with a family history of prostate cancer
Journal name Psycho-Oncology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1057-9249
Publication date 2013-11-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/pon.3312
Open Access Status
Volume 22
Issue 11
Start page 2496
End page 2504
Total pages 9
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Language eng
Formatted abstract
To examine prevalence and predictors of cancer-specific distress in undiagnosed men with and without a family history of prostate cancer, and to examine the contribution of perceptions of an affected relative's cancer experience on the distress of unaffected male relatives.

Men with a first degree relative with prostate cancer (n = 207) and men without a family history (n = 239) from Australia completed a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview. Participants completed the Prostate Cancer Anxiety Subscale of the Memorial Anxiety Scale for Prostate Cancer, measures of perceived risk, and socio-demographic information. Men with a family history provided details about their family history (number of relatives diagnosed with and dead from prostate cancer, relationship to affected relative, months since diagnosis) and reported their perceptions of their affected relative's prostate cancer experience including perceptions of threat related to the relative's diagnosis and perceived treatment phase and prognosis.

Cancer-specific distress was low for all men and there was no significant difference in the distress experienced by men with and without a family history. Regression analyses showed that for all men, cancer-specific distress increased with urinary symptoms and decreased in those with higher education and in older participants. For men with a family history, having a relative who died from prostate cancer and perceiving greater threat from a relative's diagnosis was associated with greater cancer-specific distress.

Interventions would benefit from examining appraisals of familial risk and examining prospective assessments of distress in the unaffected male relatives of men with prostate cancer over the course of the cancer trajectory.
Keyword Family History
Prostate cancer
Memorial Anxiety Scale
Psychological Distress
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2014 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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